Technology and Health Care - Volume Pre-press, issue Pre-press
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Technology and Health Care is intended to serve as a forum for the presentation of original articles and technical notes, observing rigorous scientific standards. Furthermore, upon invitation, reviews, tutorials, discussion papers and minisymposia are featured.
The following types of contributions and areas are considered:
1. Original articles:
Technology development in medicine: New concepts, procedures and devices associated with the use of technology in medical research and clinical practice are presented to a readership with a widespread background in engineering and/or medicine.
Significance of medical technology and informatics for healthcare: The appropriateness, efficacy and usefulness deriving from the application of engineering methods, devices and informatics in medicine and with respect to public health are discussed.
2. Technical notes:
Short communications on novel technical developments with relevance for clinical medicine.
3. Reviews and tutorials (upon invitation only):
Tutorial and educational articles for persons with a primarily medical background on principles of engineering with particular significance for biomedical applications and vice versa are presented.
4. Minisymposia (upon invitation only):
Under the leadership of a Special Editor, controversial issues relating to healthcare are highlighted and discussed by various authors.
Abstract: BACKGROUND: Applying the proper technique for connections in Peritoneal Dialysis (PD) is crucial in preventing potential infectious complications. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of different education methods in peritoneal dialysis (PD) application training on the psychomotor skills and self-efficacy of nursing students. METHODS: The randomized controlled and experimental study was conducted with a total of 28 nursing student participants. The PD training was provided theoretically and by using a PD simulator for the experimental group and by using videos for the control group. At the end of…the training, each student who was included in the experimental and control group were asked to perform PD on the PD simulator one by one. Psychomotor skills were evaluated according to the PD application skill evaluation criteria. Self-efficacy of the students before and after the application was also measured. RESULTS: Psychomotor skill scores of the students were found to be significantly higher in the experimental group, and there was no significant difference between the experimental and control groups in terms of self-efficacy scores. No statistically significant difference was detected between the self-efficacy scores of the experimental group regarding pre- and post-test results. CONCLUSION: This technique can be used to improve the development of psychomotor skills, since the demonstration of the PD application with the simulation technique is effective in the development of psychomotor skills.
Abstract: BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore the effectiveness of arch support functional insoles to prevent metatarsalgia. METHOD: Twenty-five healthy females participated in the study. A Vicon motion capture system was used to collect kinematics data of the lower limb. An AMTI force plate was used to record the vertical ground reaction force (GRF), and the Novel Pedar-X System was used to measure foot pressure while subjects wore normal insoles or functional insoles with an arch support during walking and jogging. RESULTS: With the arch support functional insoles, the…first metatarsal (FM) region’s contact area was increased and the peak pressure and time-pressure integral of the FM and second and third metatarsal (SATM) were areas decreased. This suggests a lower risk of longitude stress injuries in these areas. The ankle dorsiflexion angle of jogging with the ‘arch support functional insoles’ (RF) and walking with the ‘arch support functional insoles’ (WF) were significantly increased at initial contact and the knee and hip flexion angle of RF and WF were reduced. The peak hip extension angle of WF and RF also declined. The vertical loading rate of RF was lower, which would be beneficial in reducing the risk of lower limb injuries during jogging. CONCLUSIONS: The results demonstrate that arch support functional insoles can be used effectively to prevent and decrease pain and promote a suitable weight-bearing pattern in the foot for promoting the health of young females.
Abstract: BACKGROUND: Blood sampling is frequently used in health to evaluate diagnosis and treatments. The first blood drawing is most important skill for nursing students. Nursing students gain these skills during their first years of education. OBJECTIVE: To identify the self-confidence and self-efficacy levels of first year nursing students when performing taking blood on their peers for the first time. METHODS: The sample (n = 70) of this descriptive and cross-sectional research comprised first year nursing students. The research was conducted in two stages; theoretical training and laboratory work…and students’ first taking blood on their peers. A Student Information Form, Blood drawing Skill Practice Evaluation Control Form, Self-Confidence Scale, and General Self-Efficacy Scale were used for data collection. Percentage calculations and the Mann-Whitney U test were used for data analysis. RESULTS: The total mean score of the students’ self-confidence was 130.09 ± 15.94 (Min = 91, Max = 157), and total mean score of self-efficacy was identified as 31.71 ± 3.92 (Min = 20, Max = 39). No statistically significant difference was detected between the students’ sex and high school type regarding self-confidence and self-efficacy total mean scores (p > 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: It was observed that students’ self-confidence and self-efficacy levels were high when performing taking blood on their peers for the first time.
Keywords: Blood drawing, nursing students, self-confidence, self-efficacy, skill training