Abstract: New processing techniques have greatly influenced the management and organisation of statistical data processing over the past few years. Two important developments have been the wider availability and reduction in price of microcomputers, and the development of new programming tools (including so-called 4th Generation Languages) and systems design methodologies. Important issues which have to be taken into account when implementing a microcomputer based data processing strategy have included the organisation of central computer support to service a new generation of informed and active microcomputer users. Attempting to control a proliferation of different types of hardware and software and the…security and integrity of data are other issues which need to be addressed. The use of advanced tools for programming and systems design is one way of compensating for problems in recruiting and retaining suitably qualified staff. The adoption of these tools by the UK Government Statistical Service has provided a modern forward looking working environment for systems development staff and has achieved significant productivity gains.
Abstract: The importance of homogeneity in industrial data warrants the development of methods by which it may be measured for some particular purposes. These methods can be described by way of illustrating a general conceptual framework. The most commonly used homogeneity ratio, the primary product specialization ratio, can be shown to be a special case with certain characteristics. Some related or subordinate conceptual issues arise in actual application of this common homogeneity ratio and its conceptual applications can be highlighted. The general conceptual framework can also be applied to results of non-industrial surveys.
Abstract: Proper industrial classification of establishments is fundamental to the achievement of useful industry statistics. This paper describes an automated procedure used by Statistics Canada to verify industry coding in the Census of Manufactures. The edit is seen to have had a positive effect on measures of industrial homogeneity – although there does seem to be room for changing the timing of establishment transfer. As industrial classification becomes more of a science – and less of an art – it can also become increasingly automated.
Abstract: The periodic sample surveys conducted by the Central Statistical Administration of the USSR on the time “budgets” of the population are of great importance for studies on the utilization of working time, the shortening of periods spent unproductively or wasted, the increase in free time through the development of the service sector, the shortening and lightening of the work of housekeeping, improvement of the modes and organization of leisure and relaxation, creation of better conditions for bringing up children, and the influence of raising of the population's material and cultural level on changes in the pattern of utilization of working…and non-working time.
Abstract: Consumer price indices adjusted for changes of the rates of indirect taxes and subsidies play an important part in socio-economic life. A so-called table-adjustment factor is used in the Netherlands for the establishment of the inflation correction of e.g. income tax. The use of the adjusted consumer price index for the purpose of wage indexation constitutes a second application. The background for and use of adjusted indices in the Netherlands can illustrate various related problems.
Abstract: Planning of statistical surveys is done in every country regardless of its social and economic system. Its main objectives are to satisfy information needs of users and to organize statistical surveys in the best possible way. The main problem is to account for knowledge and experience of various groups of users. Practical solutions of problems can be based on the experience of the Central Statistical Office of Poland and selected other CMEA countries and Yugoslavia in this field. The approaches differ considerably despite common objectives, among which the following are emphasized: integration and stabilization of surveys, rational distribution of tasks,…information on what data can be provided to the users, etc. Long-term planning has in some countries a high legal status. The contents and structure of the programmes /plans/ of statistical surveys anticipate future information needs mainly through analyses and consultations. The objective conditions determine differentiation of forms of and methods for the preparation of programmes, and an optimal unique method is not available.
Abstract: Five-year and annual statistical plans and programmes play an important role in the system of State statistical bodies in Czechoslovakia. They are regularly prepared by the Federal Statistical Office, together with the Czech and Slovak Statistical Offices, as a guide for determining the basic work of all statistical offices, including regional statistical offices. They ensure that the statistical develop along the co-ordinated lines. The “Main trends in the work of State statistical bodies activities” are prepared every five years. The “Unified plan for statistical surveys and the processing and publication of their findings” is prepared annually. Annual plans serve also…reliability checks of the statistics obtained from reporting units. They relate to the activities of all State statistical bodies. Plans of the main analytical and methodological tasks concern the relevant work of the Federal Statistical Office. The evaluation of these plans demonstrates their usefulness in improving the work of the Federal Statistical Office and of the whole system of Czechoslovak State statistical bodies. They will have to be modified in line with the new requirements and tasks of the State statistical services.
Abstract: Marketing of statistical services has during recent years played an increasing role in the activities of many national statistical bureaus, including the Danish, Icelandic and Swedish. The experience obtained so far in these bureaus as well as the organization of the marketing activities applied and the price setting procedures is described. The advantages – and possible drawbacks – connected with seeking part of the statistical production financed through user charges are discussed.