Abstract: The equalization of the economic standard of living of different population groups is a national political goal of the Swedish society. Important knowledge for the pursuit of such a goal is up-to-data information about the distribution of economic resources. There is also need for models by means of which different political actions – realized or planned – can be evaluated. The paper describes the Swedish work to coordinate databases and EDP-models to permit compilation of the relevant information.
Abstract: The Conference of European Statisticians was among the first fora of international statistical cooperation to recognize the importance of environment statistics. Work was actually planned and executed since the early seventies. A first period of “tâtonnement” in this new area of statistical activities was followed by work on methodological issues, statistical concepts, their definition and the development of international standard classifications in areas of environmental concern. The results of this work have recently been used for the compilation of “Environment Statistics in Europe and North America”. In addition, this statistical compendium includes a monograph of the Baltic Sea.
Abstract: In The Netherlands the use of statistical data for health management, planning and evaluation has increased manifold since the early seventies. Changes in public health policy were a strong impetus for this development. The development of health statistics takes place with regard to a description of the status of health of the population, of health resources, and of provided health services. A quantitative description of each category and sub-category of the system is necessary, but what is more important is that health statistics contribute to the required insight in the relation between health resources, health services rendered and the way…in which services meet their demand. New legislation leads to the revision of the organization of data collection, transmission, analysis, etc. The WHO strategy “Health for All by the Year 2000” and national scenario studies also provide stimuli for the further development of health statistics.
Abstract: A joint study by Statistics Canada and the U.S. Bureau of the Census examines special tabulations of U.S. residents born in Canada from the 1980 census of the United States and compares them with matching tabulations of Canadian residents born in the United States from the 1981 census of Canada. As might be expected, the two populations are remarkably similar and the preponderance of the migration flow is from Canada to the United States. The comparative social and economic characteristics of the two migrant stocks show the effects of increasing legal restrictions on migration between the two countries in the…last two decades. The characteristics of the migrant flows have changed from large, unregulated population movements responding to economic motivations similar to internal migration flows to a much smaller, highly controlled movement more typical of long-distance international migration flows. The conduct of the study, moreover, provides a model for bilateral efforts to obtain reliable emigration data for nations lacking comprehensive emigration registration systems.
Abstract: A general outline of methodological problems is needed in order to analyze results of time budget surveys carried out in Poland in 1969, 1976 and 1984. The results are widely used in social and economic policy-making, in scientific research and in various forecasting exercises. They were also used in international comparisons, particularly between Hungary, Finland and Poland. The Central Statistical Office of Poland currently prepares the next time budget survey which is scheduled for 1990.
Abstract: An overview of the impact of recent EDP methods development on statistical methodology and survey techniques could perhaps best start with an account of some prerequisites at hand like the advent of low-cost micros and sharply declining costs of computer processing. The current EDP environment, EDP and statistics production, and some future issues also need to be discussed. Both Swedish and foreign experiences are relevant regarding automation, integration of processing operations, and the personal computer revolution. Some serious problems are associated with the extensive use of computing power.
Abstract: National and international statistical agencies are facing new challenges to produce high-tech products for the end users of statistics. At the same time, the nature of information is changing from a public-domain service to a commercially exchanged commodity. The policies on the roles which different actors play in the dissemination of statistical products with built-in information technology should be formulated before large-scale data transfer through database-networks, optical storage devices or more traditional tapes and diskettes oblige national statistical agencies to act. At the national level, statistical agencies have already been forced to rethink their basic policies on product development, marketing,…copyrights, product responsibilities etc., but the roles of international organizations and private vendors as retailers of national statistical data have not yet been thoroughly discussed in the statistical community. Since statistics is a field of science and industry, where the opportunities offered by the information technology should be seized immediately and effectively, the adjustment of the ‘rules of the game’ ought to advance side by side with the progress of technology.
Abstract: Recent technological changes, highlighted by the introduction of the microcomputer on a grand scale, are impacting the management and organization of informatics in statistical offices. End-Users have become more self-sufficient, and new support mechanisms are required for these computer-literates. The central EDP area must be willing to change its role to accommodate the new realities. It must be able to orchestrate a complex set of interrelated new technologies, while maintaining support for systems based on the older technologies, which will be in evidence for at least another decade. Managerially, the central EDP area is becoming a key player in strategic…planning, for organizations which are increasingly technology driven.