Abstract: Systems of national accounts and balances contain various subsystems, which include in particular the input–output subsystem. Integration of systems of national accounts and balances implies a process whereby the separate subsystems are arranged into a coherent whole. During development, consistency of the system as a whole is normally increases as the ties between the subsystems grow stronger. It can be hoped that the ongoing revision of systems of national accounts and balances should enhance integration of input–output statistics with consolidated national accounts. The corresponding solutions should make increased use of existing country practices and provide for a flexible approach,…which is fully in line with the duel character of the consolidated national accounts. They should also distinguish the needs of annual small-size input–output tables and those of large-size tables which are compiled over longer time periods.
Abstract: The economic process consists of various sub-processes, each requiring its own characteristic classification when described from a statistical point of view. In doing this, the interfaces linking the sub-systems describing individual processes must be mapped in order to reflect the relations within the overall process. This issue can be examined with special reference to dual sectoring in systems of national accounts. A conceptual explanation of dual sectoring and an outline of a statistical system with complete dual sectoring suggest that the SNA 1968 is incomplete and obscure with respect to the links between the sub-processes. It would be a pity…if the confusion this may have caused were to preclude the use of different classifications for the various sub-processes in the description of the economic process.
Abstract: The problem of deflating national accounts and input–output tables can be approached from the theoretical as well as from the practical side. Although the theoretical argument favors the use of chained Vartia-I indices, the current practice of compiling national accounts is restricted to Using chained Paasche and Laspeyres indices. Various possible objections to the use of chained indices can be raised and rejected.
Abstract: There are two basic issues with respect to the structure of the next version of the UN System of National Accounts. The first is its ‘size’: reviewing this issue, it can be concluded that the next SNA must be ‘large’ in the sense of containing an integrated meso-economic statistical system. The second issue concerns the analytical nature of the system. It is essential that the next SNA contains an institutional system without the imputations and attributions that pollute present SNA. This can be achieved by distinguishing, in the central system of the next SNA, a core (the institutional system), a…standard module for non-market production and a standard module describing attributed income and consumption of the household sector.
Abstract: Some aspects of comparisons between national income of the USSR and the U.S. can be treated as “Economic Indicators” in terms of the System of Material Production. A great deal of attention ought to be paid to the concepts and definitions which could be useful for the purpose of compiling an “aggregate” such as net material product for the U.S. This “aggregate” is used in actual international comparisons which are conducted by the Central Statistical Board of the USSR.
Abstract: Methodological links between the Material Product System (MPS) and the System of National Accounts (SNA) facilitate international comparisons of national product and main economic aggregates. Conceptual frames for the linkage of the two national accounting systems have been prepared by the United Nations Statistical Office. These conceptual frames are being tested and further specified in a number of case studies. One of these studies was recently concluded between the Central Statistical Offices of Bulgaria and Finland. The type of problems arising in the linkage between SNA and MPS partly depends on the direction in which the related conversions are carried…out. In moving from MPS to SNA, the main problems are encountered in the estimation of the production (and its subsequent consumption) from non-material industries. The main problem of SNA to MPS conversions resides in the separation of the material and non-material spheres.