Abstract: The paper gives an overview of the Hungarian experiences in the process of the adaptation of statistical standards in the market economies. It emphasizes the conflicts between the previous practice and the new requirements in a changing environment and on the other hand the importance of the intuitive adaptation of the different methods. The semantic meaning of transition implies a passage by whatever means from one point to another. In this sense I will attempt to review, in what follows, the processes that have started in the Hungarian statistics system in the past few years.
Abstract: Management Training and Development in Statistics Canada is a description of the objectives, methods and underlying principles that the agency has successfully adopted to inspire its recent training policy. The paper stresses the fact that training must be driven by agency-wide objectives – in the case of Canada the two most important objectives being the ageing of its personnel with the concomitant problem of succession and the need to increase the versatility of its staff in view of successive budgetary cuts. The paper describes three types of measures: formal training, planned rotation, and involvement of management trainees in the solution…of actual management problems. The paper also describes recruitment measures that place the accent on academic excellence of recruits as a means to increase the attractiveness of the agency as an example of solid professional achievement.
Abstract: This paper was prepared for the 28th session of the UN Statistical Commission, held in February 1995. Its aim was to spark discussion of how the international statistical community should respond to the challenges for better social statistics which are implicit in the Declaration of the World Summit on Social Development, held in March 1995. As a discussion paper, it does not provide solutions but suggests a number of key areas for international action, such as the development of time use survey methodology and of guidelines on the collection of attitudinal data.
Abstract: This note attempts to explain, very briefly, the different roles and the relationships to each other of UN/ECE, OECD and Eurostat. It describes in particular the central role of the Conference of European Statisticians and some of the other mechanisms for coordinating international statistical work in the region which have developed in recent years.
Abstract: The article discusses the new project orientation of the statistical cooperation provided by Eurostat to countries in Central and Eastern Europe. In particular, the criteria used for selecting projects, as well as some of the pilot projects themselves, are described.
Abstract: Central and Eastern European countries are in the midst of a major demographic change, that for the most part appears to have been brought about by the on-going political, economic and social transformation of these countries. The strength of the change varies considerably across the countries, quite likely as a consequence of the variations in the depth and breadth of the transformation and the attitude of the people towards it. It appears that, at least, a few years will elapse before the demographers studying these countries will be able to draw a relatively comprehensive picture of the demographic developments in…these countries since the turn of the 1980s. This paper seeks to contribute to this picture by documenting changes over time in fertility and first marriage in more than half of the transition countries, which appear to have been associated with the transformation under way. The analysis focuses on the time patterns in the levels and timing of overall fertility and first marriage among women during 1982–1993. It does not seek to explain how the various aspects of the transformation might have influenced those patterns; this would require a separate analysis. Having included in the analysis several years prior to the onset of the transformation, we seek to answer the following questions: What were the nature, timing and magnitude of the changes in overall fertility and first marriage, which are respectively measured by the period total fertility rate and the period total first marriage rate? Were the changes in first marriage accompanied by those in non-marital cohabitation? Although interesting in its own right, this question is addressed as a side issue due to data limitations, by looking at the proportions of extramarital births. And lastly, were the shifts in overall fertility and first marriage accompanied by those in their timing, as measured by the mean age of childbearing and the mean age at entry into first marriage, respectively? The analysis is cast within a broader European context by making comparisons between the countries with economies in transition and selected European countries with market economies.
Abstract: The paper discusses the issues of economic equilibrium from the viewpoint of statistical research and the strong influence which macroeconomic equilibrium has on the process of economic growth and on setting the basis for carrying out the elements for promoting the growth as a whole. The article looks at the quantitative and structural qualitative impact of various interpretations of macroeconomic equilibrium on informational requirements and on statistical research whose purpose is to satisfy these needs. Through an overview of prerequisites of macroeconomic equilibrium, pointing out the role and importance of statistical information in the substantiation of macroeconomic options,…one can clearly ascertain that macroeconomic equilibrium, as an important political option, greatly relies on statistics. In its turn, during the transition period, statistics should be placed in the development processes, irrespective of the complexity and difficulty of the issues which are to be faced. General issues of Romania's statistics are also briefly touched upon. The stage of “transition of statistics” in a period of profound changes means that the system must be provided with the capability to satisfy the informational requirements specific to the new conditions of the national economic and social environment.