Mediterranean Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism - Volume Pre-press, issue Pre-press
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Mediterranean Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism publishes original scientific papers on metabolism, including diabesity and eating disorders; nutrition (epidemiological, basic, clinical and artificial); dietary and nutritional practices and management and their impact on health from prevention to treatment.
The journal hosts the proceedings of relevant congresses and presents shorter notices focused on the original character of the Mediterranean nutritional civilisation. In addition, this journal is intended as a platform for scientific debate and knowledge-sharing among students and clinical practitioners, and between them and the broader scientific community, and finally as a tool for promoting and enhancing scientific cooperation.
Abstract: OBJECTIVE: There are conflicting results regarding the relationship between metabolic diseases and vitamin D deficiency. We aimed to show the possible relationship between 25-hydroxy (OH) vitamin D levels and obesity, insulin resistance and hyperlipidemia in women. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Three hundred fifty seven female were included retrospectively. Body mass index (BMI) was determined with body weight (kg)/height (m2 ) formula. Fasting plasma glucose, insulin, lipid profile, calcium, phosphorus, parathormone, 25 hydroxy vitamin D, thyroid stimulating hormone were evaluated. Insulin resistance was calculated with homeostatic model values for insulin resistance (HOMA-IR). Patients were grouped according to 25 (OH) vitamin…D levels and BMIs. RESULTS: 25 (OH) vitamin D was negative correlated with BMI, insulin and HOMA-IR, (respectively r = –0.156, –0.128, –0.123 and p = 0.003, 0.015, 0.020). It is positive correlated with HDL and HDL/LDL ratio (respectively r = 0.183, 0.185 and p = 0.003, <0.001) HDL-C was higher in 25(OH) vitamin D sufficient group. After multivariate analysis, 25 (OH) vitamin D was still positively related with HDL and HDL/LDL ratio (respectively r = 0.127, 0.118 and p = <0.05). CONCLUSION: 25 (OH) Vitamin D is relationship with HDL, HDL/LDL ratio and invers relationship obesity. The normal 25 (OH) vitamin D supports the reduction of metabolik risk.
Abstract: OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine the effect of nutrition style and breastfeeding on the formation of gallstone in women. METHODS: 50 women age from 40 to 69 included in the study. A questionnaire in which the participant’s general information questioned, their anthropometric values recorded, and the Mediterranean diet (MD) adherence scale included, was filled in by the face-to-face interview method. RESULTS: Body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), fasting blood glucose (FBG), and serum C-reactive protein (CRP) values were higher in those with gallstones than in the control group. The total…breastfeeding time and MD adherence scores were higher in the control group. It determined that there was a negative relationship between breastfeeding time with DBP and CRP. It found that an increase in BMI and WC increases the probability of gallstones. It found that an increase in the duration of breastfeeding and MD adherence score decreases the probability of the gallstones. CONCLUSION: Breastfeeding and Mediterranean diet reduce the risk of gallstones in women.
Keywords: Body weight, breastfeeding, C-reactive protein, gallstone, mediterranean diet