Journal of X-Ray Science and Technology - Volume 29, issue 3
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Impact Factor 2021: 1.535
Journal of X-Ray Science and Technology is an international journal designed for the diverse community (biomedical, industrial and academic) of users and developers of novel x-ray imaging techniques. The purpose of the journal is to provide clear and full coverage of new developments and applications in the field.
Areas such as x-ray microlithography, x-ray astronomy and medical x-ray imaging as well as new technologies arising from fields traditionally considered unrelated to x rays (semiconductor processing, accelerator technology, ionizing and non-ionizing medical diagnostic and therapeutic modalities, etc.) present opportunities for research that can meet new challenges as they arise.
Abstract: BACKGROUND: CT-derived fractional flow reserve (FFRCT ) and diagnostic accuracy rely on good image quality during coronary CT angiography (CCTA). OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether heart rate (HR) and coronary artery calcium (CAC) score decrease image quality and diagnostic performance of two advanced CT scanners including 96-row detector dual source CT (DSCT) and 256-row multidetector CT (MDCT). METHODS: First, 79 patients who underwent CCTA (42 with DSCT and 37 with MDCT) and invasive coronary angiography (ICA) are enrolled. Next, coronary segments with excellent image quality are evaluated and the percentage is calculated. Then, diagnostic accuracy in detecting…significant diameter stenosis is presented with ICA as the reference standard. RESULTS: Compared with the DSCT, the percentage of coronary segments with excellent image quality is lower (P = 0.010) while diagnostic accuracy on per-segment level is improved (P = 0.037) using MDCT. CAC score≥400 is the only independent factor influencing the percentage of coronary segments with excellent image quality [odds ratio (OR): DSCT, 3.096 and MDCT, 1.982] and segmental diagnostic accuracy (OR: DSCT, 2.630 and MDCT, 2.336) for both scanners. HR≥70 bpm (OR: 5.506) is the independent factor influencing the percentage of coronary segments with excellent image quality with MDCT. CONCLULSION: During CCTA, CAC score≥400 still decreases the proportion of coronary segments with excellent image quality and diagnostic accuracy with advanced CT scanners. HR≥70 bpm is another factor causing image quality decreasing with MDCT.
Abstract: INTRODUCTION: It is a challenge to make accurate pre-surgical diagnosis for renal tumors. This study is to report the findings, management, and outcome of one rare case of ossification in a cystic renal mass. We present and discuss the pathological characteristics, radiologic features, and treatment alternatives of the patient. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A 38 years old female patient had intermittent epigastric pain and microscopic hematuria for two months. Computerized tomography (CT) scan and Magnetic Resonance imaging (MRI) showed a mass with rough edge and dense calcification in the upper pole of the right kidney and normal left kidney.…Pre-operative diagnosis is cystic nephroma or cystic renal mass (Bosniak III type, Bosniak renal cyst classification). GFR was within normal limits for age and no other significant laboratory aberrations were noted. Patient underwent a right retroperitoneal laparoscopic partial nephrectomy (margin status was negative). A mini literature review was performed to highlight the principals of diagnosis and treatment of cystic renal mass with heterotopic ossification. RESULTS: The entire renal mass was successfully removed from upper pole of the right kidney by laparoscopic nephron sparing surgery. The size of renal mass is 38×35×30 mm3 with thick and hard capsular wall. The cystic cavity contains yellow lipid-like substances without stone. Histological examination revealed renal cyst in which the cyst wall reveals fibrosis and no obvious lining epithelium. The additional unique feature includes the presence of dense calcification and ossification in the renal mass. Localization tissue of yellow bone marrow was detected. No complications occurred in 9 months after surgery during follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: Cystic renal mass with heterotopic ossification is a rare case of non-malignant renal tumor. Whether surgery is needed depends to whether patients have symptoms. For symptom renal tumors, laparoscopic nephron sparing surgical procedure is recommended. Furthermore, complete surgical resection of the lesion is needed when the mass is suspected to be malignant. An accurate histologic diagnosis is key in its diagnosis.