Journal of X-Ray Science and Technology - Volume 26, issue 1
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Journal of X-Ray Science and Technology is an international journal designed for the diverse community (biomedical, industrial and academic) of users and developers of novel x-ray imaging techniques. The purpose of the journal is to provide clear and full coverage of new developments and applications in the field.
Areas such as x-ray microlithography, x-ray astronomy and medical x-ray imaging as well as new technologies arising from fields traditionally considered unrelated to x rays (semiconductor processing, accelerator technology, ionizing and non-ionizing medical diagnostic and therapeutic modalities, etc.) present opportunities for research that can meet new challenges as they arise.
Abstract: Rosai-Dorfman disease (RDD) is a rare histiocytic disorder of unclear etiology, which commonly presented with the enlargement of lymph nodes of the neck and the head. Here, we report an unusual case of 77-year-old male patient presenting with left kidney lesion with several small enlarged lymph nodes around the abdominal aorta. The diagnosis of left kidney cancer was suspected and the patient underwent left laparoscopic exploration and lymph node biopsy. Only saponification of the renal surrounding fat and enlargement of the left renal pedicle and 5 abdominal aortic lymph nodes were found; no kidney cancer was found. Surrenalectomy and lymphadenectomy…dissection were then performed and the left kidney was retained. Intraoperative frozen and postoperative pathology indicates Rosai-Dorfman disease. RDD with kidney involvement is uncommon, and its x-ray imaging appearances are atypical, and often resemble kidney cancer leading to kidney loss. A systematic literature review was also performed to investigate the x-ray imaging and treatment features of this disease.
Abstract: OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the application of 3D computed tomography (CT) angiography with a novel post-processing technique in diagnosis of malignant bone tumors in children. METHODS: Twenty-seven pediatric patients (15 males and 12 females; average age: 10±3.4 years old, with a range from 2 months to 14 years old) with suspected bone tumors were evaluated histopathologically using 3D CT angiography and a multislice scanner. CT angiography image data were analyzed with a novel post-processing technique that included separating, fusing opacifying false-coloring, and volume rendering. RESULTS: Among 27 cases, 20 (74%) osteosarcoma, 6 (22%) Ewing’s…sarcoma, and 1 (4%) non-Hodgkin lymohoma were diagnosed by histological examination of surgical specimens. The tumor features, including size, location, invasion into the adjacent tissue as well as distant metastases, were clearly visualized with the regular volume rendering method and rotational and stereoscopical videos. The post-processing technique provided the reconstructed structure images without any overlap or shelter independently and collectively. Special colors represented different tissue structures, aiding in identification of various anatomical structures and pre-surgical planning. CONCLUSIONS: Compared to traditional 3-D CT methods, 3-D CT angiography with rotational and stereoscopical videos provides more detailed information of bone tumor lesions. It offers a superior and effective imaging technique in pediatric patients with malignant bone tumors.
Abstract: Lymphoepithelial carcinoma (LEC) is an uncommon malignant neoplasm. Due to the complicated anatomical structure of the human head, standard imaging modalities including ultrasound, computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan remain limited in detection of salivary tumors. We used three-dimensional computed tomography angiography (3D-CT angiography) for the assessment and pre-operative surgical planning of facial fractures of a case with LEC. The study results demonstrated that 3D-CT angiography provided an insightful approach to preoperative evaluation in the treatment of salivary tumors.
Keywords: Lymphoepithelial carcinoma, parotid gland, three dimensional computed
Abstract: Despite common injury caused by snakebite, snakebite-induced ischemic stroke is rare. We reported on a patient who incurred a large cerebral infarction after being bitten by a Deinagkistrodon acutus, one of the most poisonous snakes in the southwestern of China. Applying 3D computed tomography (CT) of head combined with cerebral angiography examinations showed a large cerebral infarction, hernia in the right brain, developmental abnormalities of the right middle cerebral artery and cerebral artery of right brain. In conclusion, head CT imaging combined with cerebral angiography provides an efficient approach in diagnosis of stroke caused by snakebites.
Keywords: Snakebite, Deinagkistrodon acutus, cerebral infarction, 3D head computed tomography (CT)