Journal of X-Ray Science and Technology - Volume 21, issue 1
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Journal of X-Ray Science and Technology is an international journal designed for the diverse community (biomedical, industrial and academic) of users and developers of novel x-ray imaging techniques. The purpose of the journal is to provide clear and full coverage of new developments and applications in the field.
Areas such as x-ray microlithography, x-ray astronomy and medical x-ray imaging as well as new technologies arising from fields traditionally considered unrelated to x rays (semiconductor processing, accelerator technology, ionizing and non-ionizing medical diagnostic and therapeutic modalities, etc.) present opportunities for research that can meet new challenges as they arise.
Abstract: The most recent advance in laser treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is the introduction of a high-performance system (HPS) 120-W laser. The HPS laser beam at a wavelength of 532~nm is highly absorbed by oxyhemoglobin in the tissue and maintains focus with negligible divergence up to 3 mm from the fiber and with limited divergence at 5 mm. This study is designed to evaluate the three-year clinical efficacy and safety of photoselective vaporization of the…prostate (PVP, n=100 cases) with GreenLight HPS laser compared with transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP, n=100 cases) for treatment of BPH. The results showed that the mean operating time, catheterization time and admission time were significantly shorter in the PVP group, respectively. There were dramatic improvements in International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS), quality of life (Qol), maximum flow rate (Qmax) and postvoid residual (PVR) compared with preoperative values and the degree of improvements was comparable in both groups. The intraoperative complications were lower in PVP group. In summary, PVP is an effective technique in patients with BPH, when compared to TURP, producing equivalent improvements in IPSS, Qmax, Qol and PVR with the advantages of markedly reduced catheterization time, admission time and adverse events.
Keywords: Benign prostatic hyperplasia, laser therapy, GreenLight HPS laser, transurethral resection of the prostate
Abstract: To evaluate the value of three-dimensional spiral computed tomography/cysto-urethrography (CTCUG) in diagnosing posterior urethral strictures associated with urethrorectal fistulas (URF). Between June 2008 and March 2012, 38 patients with posterior urethral strictures associated with URFs were examined by CTCUG, retrograde urethrography (RUG) and cysto-urethrography (CUG). Urethral reconstruction was undertaken and URFs were surgically repaired in all patients. The length of the urethral defect, location and size of URFs were recorded. Data from…radiological examinations were compared with surgical findings. No statistically significant difference was found in the length of stricture measured using CTCUG (4.31 ± 2.28 cm) or conventional urethrography (4.02 ± 3.12 cm; p > 0.05), However, the accuracy in determining the location of the stricture was higher with CTCUG (93.12%) than with conventional urethrography (70.59%; p < 0.05). CTCUG identified URFs in all 38 patients (100%), whereas URFs were only observed in 27 patients (71%) using conventional urethrography. In conclusion, CTCUG was more accurate, safer and provided more details of URFs and urethral defects than conventional urethrography in patients with posterior urethral strictures associated with URFs.
Abstract: This study aims to analyze magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) features of ejaculatory duct obstruction, and to provide an accurate diagnostic imaging approach for surgical planning of minimally invasive procedures treating ejaculatory duct obstruction. A total of 18 men with ejaculatory duct obstruction were enrolled in the study. The patients were admitted to our hospital and had undergone MRI examination and surgical treatment from January 2003 to February 2011. The data was collected by searching keywords…('ejaculatory duct obstruction') from our PACS. Patients suspected having ejaculatory duct obstruction according to the manifestations through MRI examinations and further being confirmed by surgery were included. The MRI features of ejaculatory duct obstruction in these patients were summarized. Five cases with ejaculatory duct cysts were detected by MRI, ranging in size from 4 mm × 4 mm × 7 mm to 4 mm × 4 mm × 9 mm and located in the paramedian line; ejaculatory duct dilation near the median line, with the internal diameter ranging from 5 mm to 30 mm was detected in nine cases; and among thirteen cases who underwent both non-contrast enhanced and contrast enhanced MRI scanning, significant enhancement of the wall of the ejaculatory duct on enhanced scanning was observed in three cases. Mullerian duct cysts complicated with dilation of the ejaculatory duct and seminal vesicles were detected in four cases; in these cases, the cysts were located in the median line, ranging in size from 4 mm × 5 mm × 6 mm to 34 mm × 35 mm × 44 mm, tear-drop appearance, with the tip pointing toward the area of the seminal colliculus. Findings of MRI were confirmed by the observations during the surgery. MRI is more accurate at displaying the ejaculatory duct. We recommend that ejaculatory duct diameter of > 2 mm can be used as a diagnostic criterion with MRI image analyses for ejaculatory duct dilation.