Journal of Pediatric Rehabilitation Medicine - Volume Pre-press, issue Pre-press
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The Journal of Pediatric Rehabilitation Medicine (JPRM): An Interdisciplinary Approach Throughout the Lifespan is designed to parallel the multidisciplinary teams caring for children, adolescents and adults with childhood-onset physical disabilities and complex care needs worldwide. Published quarterly, topics include, and are not limited to, cerebral palsy, traumatic brain injury, spinal cord injury, spina bifida, limb deficiency, muscular dystrophy, stroke, cancer, developmental delays, and rare disorders. Furthermore, the journal welcomes papers dedicated to pediatric rehabilitation from a global health perspective.
The aim of JPRM is to engage a diverse group of international experts with the goal of providing readers with comprehensive information regarding children and adolescents requiring rehabilitation. JPRM brings together specialists from medicine, nursing, psychology, social work, nutrition, child life, family centered care, and occupational, physical, and speech therapy. For manuscript submissions, authorship involving at least two different specialties is encouraged, although not required, to facilitate a transdisciplinary and collaborative approach. Manuscripts are blinded and peer reviewed including biostatistical analysis. Authors are invited to submit original research, systematic and scoping reviews, guidelines, protocols, care pathways, case reports, book reviews, commentaries, editorials, and dates for future conferences.
Abstract: PURPOSE: The goal of this retrospective chart review study was to explore factors that contributed to consideration of or actual pump explantation in pediatric patients with intrathecal baclofen (ITB) pumps. METHODS: Medical records of 30 patients with ITB pumps were reviewed. Quantitative data, including demographic, clinical, psychosocial, and service utilization variables were culled from the records. Qualitative data were collected from clinic visit notes, pump-related follow-up phone calls, and any pump-related emergency room visits. RESULTS: Of those reviewed, six underwent ITB pump explantation, and two considered explantation. Factors contributing to pump explantation or consideration of explantation…included the following: postoperative infection, pump malfunction, non-adherence, anxiety/behavioral factors impacting the patient’s tolerance of the pump, distance to the medical provider, frequency of required pump refill appointments, lack or perceived lack of intrathecal baclofen effect, and difficulty transitioning to adult care providers. CONCLUSION: Due to the complex care regimen associated with ITB pumps and various psychosocial and logistical factors that impact treatment success, a standardized multidisciplinary pre-implantation education, screening, and assessment process should be developed. Such a process would ensure that patients/families receive appropriate education, including proactively identifying treatment barriers and potential complications, possibly minimizing dissatisfaction with treatment and the need for explantation.
Abstract: PURPOSE: This study aimed to describe brace use, progression of scoliosis, and surgery in children with cerebral palsy (CP) and spina bifida (SB) who were initially treated with a brace. METHODS: Medical records were retrospectively analysed for brace compliance, treatment complications, curve size measurements with and without the brace at both start and at follow-up, and number of patients undergoing spine surgery. RESULTS: Sixty-eight children were included (CP 47, SB 21), 37 of whom were girls, with a mean age at start of treatment of 11.1 (CP) and 8.2 (SB) years. Most had severe motor problems;…only four children with CP and five with SB were able to walk. Thirty-five in the group with CP and 11 in the group with SB had a curve size over 40°. Forty used the brace full-time, 19 half-time and nine for a varying proportion of time. Transient complications of brace treatment were seen in 28% . The yearly progression of curve-size was 4.2° in CP and 2.3° in SB. Twenty-eight patients underwent surgery and complications were present in 75% of these patients. Twenty-seven out of 46 patients with severe scoliosis did not undergo surgery. CONCLUSION: Brace treatment was possible, even in patients with severe scoliosis. Bracing can delay the progression of scoliosis.
Abstract: PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate associations of ethnicity and adaptive function with health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in youths with spina bifida myelomeningocele (SBM). METHODS: Participants included Hispanic (n = 75) and non-Hispanic White (n = 86) children and adolescents with SBM. Participants completed ratings of adaptive function and SBM-specific HRQOL. A series of linear multiple regression models was computed to investigate whether ethnicity moderates the relation between adaptive function and HRQOL. RESULTS: Results showed that greater adaptive function was associated with higher HRQOL. While no relations were found between ethnicity and HRQOL, a…significant interaction was observed between adaptive function and ethnicity over and above other terms. Although groups did not differ on HRQOL at lower levels of adaptive function, Hispanic participants rated higher HRQOL relative to non-Hispanic White participants at higher levels of adaptive function. Further analysis showed this was true of both nonmotor and motor aspects of adaptive function. CONCLUSION: Results suggested complex relations between ethnicity and adaptive function with HRQOL, highlighting the importance of optimizing adaptive functioning in youth with SBM.
Keywords: Myelomeningocele, adaptive functioning, minoritized health
Abstract: PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to determine how the COVID-19 pandemic impacted the work and compensation of pediatric physiatrists during the first year of the pandemic. METHODS: Pediatric physiatrists were surveyed in the spring of 2021 about how the first year of the COVID-19 pandemic impacted their practices as a part of a larger survey examining pediatric rehabilitation medicine practices. The COVID-19 specific questions covered three topic areas: 1) personal experiences with COVID-19; 2) occupational workflow changes due to COVID-19, including telehealth; and 3) employment consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic. RESULTS: Thirteen of 259…pediatric physiatrists reported having a COVID-19 infection, of whom none required hospitalization. Nearly all (96.5%) of pediatric physiatrists reported using telehealth during the pandemic compared to 14% prior to the pandemic. They reported numerous changes to their clinical operations, and 50% reported not having adequate personal protective equipment available for themselves or their staff all of the time. Fifteen pediatric physiatrists (5.9%) reported being furloughed, and three reported job loss during the first year of the pandemic. CONCLUSION: While only a small percentage of pediatric physiatrists contracted COVID-19 during the first year of the pandemic, nearly all experienced workflow changes.
Abstract: Music is an art form that strongly affects people and can elicit many different emotions at the same time, including happiness, anxiety, sadness, and even ecstasy. What is it about music that causes such a strong reaction from each of us? Music engages many senses, which in turn can produce a multiplicity of responses and help create more extensive neuronal connections, as well as influence behaviour through structural and functional changes in the brain. Music-based interventions as a therapeutic tool in rehabilitation are becoming more common. It is said that the impact of music on the human body is positive.…However, what impact does music have on the young nervous system, especially the affected one? This review presents the advantages and disadvantages of the use of music in paediatric neurology to treat dyslexia, cerebral palsy, and stroke, among others. Potential negative impacts such as musicogenic epilepsy and hallucinations will be discussed.
Keywords: Music, music therapy, brain, neuroplasticity, children and adolescents, neurological disorders