Journal of Pediatric Rehabilitation Medicine - Volume 9, issue 4
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The Journal of Pediatric Rehabilitation Medicine (JPRM): An Interdisciplinary Approach Throughout the Lifespan is designed to parallel the multidisciplinary teams caring for children, adolescents and adults with childhood-onset physical disabilities and complex care needs worldwide. Published quarterly, topics include, and are not limited to, cerebral palsy, traumatic brain injury, spinal cord injury, spina bifida, limb deficiency, muscular dystrophy, stroke, cancer, developmental delays, and rare disorders. Furthermore, the journal welcomes papers dedicated to pediatric rehabilitation from a global health perspective.
The aim of JPRM is to engage a diverse group of international experts with the goal of providing readers with comprehensive information regarding children and adolescents requiring rehabilitation. JPRM brings together specialists from medicine, nursing, psychology, social work, nutrition, child life, family centered care, and occupational, physical, and speech therapy. For manuscript submissions, authorship involving at least two different specialties is encouraged, although not required, to facilitate a transdisciplinary and collaborative approach. Manuscripts are blinded and peer reviewed including biostatistical analysis. Authors are invited to submit original research, systematic and scoping reviews, guidelines, protocols, care pathways, case reports, book reviews, commentaries, editorials, and dates for future conferences.
Abstract: Clubfoot, known as congenital talipes equinovarus, is one of the complex paediatric foot deformity with the incidence of 1 in every 1000 live births. It consists of four complex foot abnormalities such as forefoot adductus, midfoot cavus, and hindfoot varus and ankle equinus. There are a number of surgical techniques (soft tissue releases, arthrodesis) used to correct clubfoot. However currently the conservative management (manipulation, serial casting, and braces) of clubfoot is considered as the best choice and it is widely accepted among orthopaedists. Clubfoot treated with surgical techniques might suffer various complications such as soft tissues contractures, neurovascular complications, infections,…and shortening of the limbs. Although conservative method is generally considered as an effective method, it is still challenging to cure clubfoot in advance stages. Also, the classification of the initial severity of clubfoot is essential to evaluate the outcome of the treatment. In this review, the aim is to review the different types of conservative method and the assessment of clubfoot severity.
Keywords: Clubfoot conservative management, clubfoot, Ponseti method, Copenhagen method, French functional or physiotherapist method
Abstract: PURPOSE: To determine the demographic pattern, level, mechanism of traumatic amputation in children and adolescent age group and to compare findings with other studies. METHODS: Patients aged less than 18 years with traumatic amputation attending Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, King George's Medical University, Lucknow, India between July 2013 and January 2016 were enrolled and their demographic characteristics were analyzed. RESULTS: Fifty-three patients were included aged less than 18 years when injured. Mean age of the population studied was 9.89 ± 4.13 with male to females ratio of 3:2. Majority…(69.81%) of traumatic amputations involved lower limb. Most common level was unilateral transtibial (35.85%), followed by transfemoral (16.98%). In upper limb, most common type was transradial. RTA followed by train accidents was most common mechanism of traumatic amputation. 8 patients needed revision surgery. 52.8% patients of acquired amputations complained of phantom sensation and 37.74% phantom pain. CONCLUSIONS: This study aims to visualize the current scenario and the data generated could be possibly helpful in planning policies and programs at institutional as well as at higher levels for prevention, treatment and distribution of resource to the young amputee population, to ensure their better health care and also opportunities in life.
Keywords: Traumatic amputation, children and adolescent, demographic study
Abstract: PURPOSE: This study aimed to: 1) evaluate the prevalence of cranial asymmetry (positional plagiocephaly) in infants with neonatal brachial plexus palsy (NBPP); 2) examine the association of patient demographics, arm function, and NBPP-related factors to positional plagiocephaly; and 3) determine percentage of spontaneous recovery from positional plagiocephaly and its association with arm function. METHODS: Infants < 1 year of age with NBPP and no previous exposure to plagiocephaly cranial remolding therapy or surgical intervention were recruited for this prospective cross-sectional study. Positional plagiocephaly (diagonal difference) measurements were captured using a fiberglass circumferential mold of the cranium.…Included infants were divided into 2 groups: 1) those with positional plagiocephaly at most recent evaluation (plagio group), including infants with resolved positional plagiocephaly (plagio-resolved subgroup); and 2) those who never had positional plagiocephaly (non-plagio group). Standard statistics were applied. RESULTS: Eighteen of 28 infants (64%) had positional plagiocephaly. Delivery type might be predictive for plagiocephaly. Infants in the non-plagio group exhibited more active range of motion than infants in the plagio group. All other factors had no significant correlations. CONCLUSIONS: A high prevalence of positional plagiocephaly exists among the NBPP population examined. Parents and physicians should encourage infants to use their upper extremities to change position and reduce chance of cranial asymmetry.
Abstract: PURPOSE: To examine the relationship of physical activity (PA) and walking performance to QOL in ambulatory children with CP, as function is not consistently associated with QOL in this population. METHODS: A secondary analysis of a cross-sectional cohort of 128 ambulatory children with CP, ages 2.2-9.9 years and GMFCS levels I-III, was employed. Individual multivariate regression models were developed for physical, psychosocial, and total domains of QOL as measured by the Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory (PedsQL) controlling for physical activity and walking performance, participation level and frequency, topography of CP, walking capacity, age, and satisfaction…with participation. RESULTS: Physical, psychosocial and total QOL averaged 52.2, 60.9, and 56.5 respectively. PA was positively associated with physical (0.64, p < 0.01) and total QOL (0.54, p < 0.01). Walking performance was associated with physical QOL (0.16, p = 0.05), participation level was positively related to psychosocial (0.44, p < 0.01), and age negatively for all QOL domains (> -0.43, p < 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: Physical activity, walking performance, and level of participation in daily life are associated with varying domains of QOL. Future work should explore factors that influence the relationship of daily physical/walking activity and participation to QOL in children with ambulatory CP as they age.
Keywords: Quality of life, cerebral palsy, physical activity, walking activity
Abstract: PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to explore factors related to parental depressive symptoms (PDS) and family quality of life (FQOL) in parents of adolescents and young adults (AYA) with and without a specific chronic health condition (CHC), spina bifida. METHODS: Two hundred and nine parents of AYA (112 with SB; and 97 without) and their AYA (46% males and 54% females) took part in a multi-site cross-sectional descriptive correlational study. In telephone interviews parents reported on measures of family satisfaction, resources, cohesion, stress, demographic and clinical data. RESULTS: In the multivariate…analyses, 38% of the variance of PDS was explained by family income, family resources and parent stress. Having a child with SB was not predictive of PDS. However, having a child with SB, along with family satisfaction, parent stress and PDS explained 49% of the variance of FQOL. PDS partially mediate the relationship of family resources and FQOL. CONCLUSION: PDS, family stress, and resources should be evaluated routinely, especially for those with low income. Parents of AYA with SB who have elevated PDS are at increased risk of having lower reported FQOL.
Keywords: Chronic health condition, spina bifida, mental health, depressive symptoms, family quality of life, parents, adolescent
Abstract: PURPOSE: To explore the meanings associated with being a parent of a child with an aquired brain injury (ABI). METHODS: An ethnographic study was conducted with parents of children aged 3 to 10 years who had acquired a severe brain injury. Purposeful sampling was used to recruit parents from the Glenrose Rehabilitation Hospital in Edmonton, Alberta. Data collection involved participant observation, fieldwork and semi-structured interviews. Field notes and interviews transcriptions were analysed using a thematic analysis framework and informed by symbolic interactionism theory. RESULTS: Six parent dyads (mothers and fathers) and 4 mothers…participated in the study. Parents' meanings of `parenting' a child with severe brain injury were shaped by the injury, wide range of familial dynamics, and interactions. Six main themes related to parental meanings emerged from our data: (1) Getting `back to normal'; (2) Relying on a support system; (3) Worrying something bad may happen after the injury; (4) Going through a range of emotions following the injury; (5) Changing family dynamics after the injury; and (6) Ongoing performativity. CONCLUSION: Parents' meanings of `parenting' a child are extensively impacted by their child's functioning after the ABI. Having a greater appreciation of these experiences may be beneficial for medical professionals.
Keywords: Ethnography, parental meanings, acquired brain injury, parenting, head injury, qualitative research