Journal of Pediatric Rehabilitation Medicine - Volume 9, issue 3
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Journal of Pediatric Rehabilitation Medicine: An Interdisciplinary Approach is an international journal designed to parallel the multi-disciplinary team approach of caring for a child with an acute or chronic disease. The issues will primarily be themed and broad in scope including, but not be limited to cerebral palsy, traumatic brain injury, spinal cord injury, spina-bifida, amputation, muscular dystrophies of all types, stroke, cancer, mental retardation, developmental delays, and others.
The aim is to include a wide range of experts who care for children with the above diagnosis. Authorship by two different disciplines is requested though not required to encourage an interdisciplinary and collaborative approach. The goal is for the reader to obtain not just the medical perspective, but also nursing, occupational, physical and speech therapy, psychology, home care, etc., in providing the most comprehensive care for children. Manuscripts will be blinded and peer reviewed with appropriate feedback. Statistical analysis will be reviewed by the biostatistician. Readers are encouraged to submit and or suggest case reviews, commentaries, editorials, original research, conference schedules, or reviews.
Abstract: PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to estimate the energy expenditure (EE) during a quiet standing task in children with bilateral spastic CP (BSCP) in comparison with typically developing (TD) children, using gas analyzer. METHODS: The study was an observational cross-sectional study of children with BSCP (Gross Motor Function Classification System [GMFCS] levels II and III; n = 30; 10 males, 20 females; mean weight 27.46 kgs; mean age 10 years) and TD children (n = 30; 16 males, 14 females; mean weight 25.35 kgs; mean age 9 years, 9 months). The energy expenditure during…quiet standing task was measured by using Cosmed K4b2 gas analyzer and expressed in terms of peak oxygen consumption (VO2 max, ml/kg body weight/min). RESULTS: Children with BSCP expended 1.4 times higher energy during standing than TD children (p< 0.0001). CONCLUSION: We identified that standing puts an additional energy demand in ambulant children with BSCP. Findings suggest that both dependant and independent ambulating children with BSCP might need to exert more effort to maintain a static standing position. Therefore, clinicians must evaluate standing position for balance control and energy expenditure to evaluate the efficiency of physical therapy and rehabilitation.
Keywords: Oxygen, consumption, gas analyzer, energy, cost, static, balance