Journal of Pediatric Rehabilitation Medicine - Volume 12, issue 1
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Journal of Pediatric Rehabilitation Medicine: An Interdisciplinary Approach is an international journal designed to parallel the multi-disciplinary team approach of caring for a child with an acute or chronic disease. The issues will primarily be themed and broad in scope including, but not be limited to cerebral palsy, traumatic brain injury, spinal cord injury, spina-bifida, amputation, muscular dystrophies of all types, stroke, cancer, mental retardation, developmental delays, and others.
The aim is to include a wide range of experts who care for children with the above diagnosis. Authorship by two different disciplines is requested though not required to encourage an interdisciplinary and collaborative approach. The goal is for the reader to obtain not just the medical perspective, but also nursing, occupational, physical and speech therapy, psychology, home care, etc., in providing the most comprehensive care for children. Manuscripts will be blinded and peer reviewed with appropriate feedback. Statistical analysis will be reviewed by the biostatistician. Readers are encouraged to submit and or suggest case reviews, commentaries, editorials, original research, conference schedules, or reviews.
Abstract: PURPOSE: To conduct a systematic review of studies on non-surgical and surgical interventions for elbow flexion contractures secondary to brachial plexus birth injury (BPBI). METHODS: MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycINFO, and CINAHL databases were searched for randomized controlled trials, observational studies, and case series studies on treatment of elbow flexion contractures secondary to BPBI. Study quality was evaluated using the Effective Public Health Practice Project tool. RESULTS: Of the 950 records found, 132 full text articles were reviewed, and 3 cohort studies and 8 case series were included. The overall methodological quality of included studies…was weak. The weak quality evidence demonstrated that significant gains in elbow extension passive range of motion (ROM) can be achieved with serial casting (range: 15 to 34.5 degrees) or elbow release surgery (range: 28.4 to 30.0 degrees). At best, a reduction to an elbow contracture between - 15.0 and - 18.8 degrees (casting) and - 8.0 and - 43.6 (elbow release surgery) can be achieved. Insufficient outcomes on elbow flexion ROM and strength were found in both non-surgical and surgical studies. CONCLUSION: The quality of evidence on the effectiveness of interventions for an elbow flexion contracture secondary to BPBI is weak. In the context of insufficient evidence on the risks of pursuing such interventions, it is prudent to attempt non-surgical interventions prior to surgery. Level of Evidence : III – systematic review of level IV studies