Journal of Pediatric Neurology - Volume 3, issue 3
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Journal of Pediatric Neurology is an English multidisciplinary peer-reviewed medical journal publishing articles in the fields of child neurology, pediatric neurosurgery, pediatric neuroradiology, child psychiatry and pediatric neuroscience.
Journal of Pediatric Neurology encourages submissions from authors throughout the world. The following articles will be considered for publication: editorials, original and review articles, rapid communications, case reports, letters to the editor and book reviews. The aim of the journal is to share and disseminate knowledge between all disciplines that work in the field of pediatric neurology.
Abstract: Two children of 4 and 18 years of ages developed multiple supratentorial metastases at 3 years and 8 months follow up respectively, following their gross total microsurgical excision of medulloblastomas. Both the children received standard doses of craniospinal irradiation following surgery. An adjuvant chemotherapy was also offered to the younger child (of 4 years), who developed recurrence at posterior fossa along with supratentorial metastases. It is concluded, that early supratentorial metastases may occur…even following gross total excision, craniospinal irradiation and chemotherapy of medulloblastomas. Probable routes of dissemination remain subarachnoid, cerebrospinal fluid and leptomeningeal.
Abstract: Neuroenteric cysts are rare congenital anomalies derived from the displaced endodermal tissue at around third embryonic week. These are commonly encountered in the mediastinum and rarely seen in the spinal canal in the intradural extramedullary and at times in intramedullary location. We report a case of neuroenteric cyst of spinal canal presenting with hemiparesis in a 12 years old female child. The patient had no associated underlying occult spinal deformity. On investigation her magnetic resonance imaging,…revealed evidence of well-defined, intradural extramedullary cystic lesions at C6 to D2 vertebral level, situated anterior and right to the cord causing posterior and leftward displacement with marked cord compression at this level. The child underwent posterior laminectomy and excision of cyst with complete recovery and no residual deficit.
Abstract: Mycoplasma pneumoniae is a common infection in the early adolescent period, presenting most commonly as an upper respiratory tract infection with variable severity. Extrapulmonary manifestations include neurologic, hematologic, hepatic, and cardiac involvement. Hemiparesis and dysarthria are frequently encountered in the setting of cerebrovascular accidents. We present two patients who had neurological complications secondary to Mycoplasma pneumoniae infection. The first patient was a 12-year-old boy who presented with recurrent episodes of transient hemiparesis…and dysarthria. The second patient was a 3-year-old girl who presented with seizures and aphasia. Both patients had pneumonia and positive serum immunoglobulin M against Mycoplasma pneumoniae. Follow up revealed a full recovery in the first case and moderate articulation disorder in the second patient.
Abstract: A 9-year-old boy with precocious puberty was presented with severe headache and vomiting, despite having a functioning ventriculoperitoneal shunt, from the age of one year for hydrocephalus. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed a tense suprasellar arachnoid cyst indenting the third ventricle. Decompression of cyst improved his headache and the features of precocious puberty at follow-up. His hormonal levels were not abnormal on gross neuroendocrine evaluation. It was concluded that suprasellar arachnoid cyst may manifest with…features similar to raised intracranial pressure despite having a functioning shunt for associated hydrocephalus. Precocious puberty in such children may manifest without gross endocrinological abnormalities.