Authors: De Blasiis, Paolo | Fullin, Allegra | Sansone, Mario | Del Viscovo, Luca | Napolitano, Filomena | Terracciano, Chiara | Lus, Giacomo | Melone, Mariarosa Anna Beatrice | Sampaolo, Simone
Background: Late Onset Pompe Disease (LOPD) is a rare myopathy characterized by prevailing weakness of trunk and pelvic girdle muscles that causes motor disabilities. Spinal deformities have been reported unclearly on clinical examination. No study quantitatively assessed upright posture defining specific alterations of LOPD various phenotype. Objective: Identify postural abnormalities in a homogeneous group of LOPD patients using 3D Stereophotogrammetry (St) and x-Ray (xR). Methods: Seven LOPD siblings were recruited. They were assessed by clinical scales and, in upright posture, using xR and 3D-St with a new marker set protocol. Fourteen healthy individuals, age and sex-matched,
…were used as controls for St-parameters; normative xR-values were found in literature. Results: LOPD patients showed a significant weakness of trunk and tibialis anterior muscles. Statistical analysis of St-parameters showed a larger ankle, knee, elbow, dorsal, S2-C7, heel-S2-C7, heel-S2-nasion angles and a lower sagittal vertical axis (SVA) than controls. xR-analysis highlighted an absence of scoliosis and a lower occipito-cervical, C2-C7 cervical and Cobb dorsal angles, and a trend to lower lumbar lordosis and SVA compared to normal values. Significant correlation was found in dorsal and lumbar angles calculated using xR-markers placed on spiny apophysis, xR-centre of vertebral bodies, Cobb-method and St-markers. Conclusion: This is the first quantitative study of postural abnormalities in LOPD patients using 3D-St and xR, highlighting sagittal standing alignment changes, difficult to assess to direct exam.Our new St-protocol showed a high reliability compared to xR. Further studies on larger population of LOPD might confirm the usefulness of these instrumental methods for monitoring disease course.
Keywords: 3D Stereophotogrammetry, marker set protocol, posture, standing alignment, x-Ray, Late Onset Pompe Disease
Citation: Journal of Neuromuscular Diseases,
vol. 8, no. 6, pp. 979-988, 2021
Price: EUR 27.50