Journal of Economic and Social Measurement - Volume 32, issue 2,3
Purchase individual online access for 1 year to this journal.
Price: EUR 125.00
ISSN 0747-9662 (P)
ISSN 1875-8932 (E)
The Journal of Economic and Social Measurement (JESM) is a quarterly journal that is concerned with the investigation of all aspects of production, distribution and use of economic and other societal statistical data, and with the use of computers in that context. JESM publishes articles that consider the statistical methodology of economic and social science measurements. It is concerned with the methods and problems of data distribution, including the design and implementation of data base systems and, more generally, computer software and hardware for distributing and accessing statistical data files. Its focus on computer software also includes the valuation of algorithms and their implementation, assessing the degree to which particular algorithms may yield more or less accurate computed results. It addresses the technical and even legal problems of the collection and use of data, legislation and administrative actions affecting government produced or distributed data files, and similar topics.
The journal serves as a forum for the exchange of information and views between data producers and users. In addition, it considers the various uses to which statistical data may be put, particularly to the degree that these uses illustrate or affect the properties of the data. The data considered in JESM are usually economic or social, as mentioned, but this is not a requirement; the editorial policies of JESM do not place a priori restrictions upon the data that might be considered within individual articles. Furthermore, there are no limitations concerning the source of the data.
Abstract: We analyze measurement and classification errors in several key variables in a matched sample of survey and administrative longitudinal data on employees spanning 1994–2001. The data are much more comprehensive than usually seen in validation studies. Measurement errors in earnings are found to be much larger than reported in previous studies limited to one single firm. A key finding is that employees who attrite from the panel report their earnings significantly less accurate than individuals who…are observed throughout the entire sampling period.
Abstract: This paper investigates the likelihood of rounding as a source of bias in survey data. The analysis uses thirty years of March Current Population Survey data, the 1990 Census, and the 1996 Survey of Income and Program Participation matched to Social Security Administration data to measure the magnitude and direction of rounding by worker characteristic. The results show three distinct trends. First, more people round their earnings today than in the past. Second, groups that are…more likely to round their earnings include men, people in their prime working years (35 to 64), and those with high levels of education or with high levels of earnings. And third, using the matched data, these respondents appear to round their earnings down.
Keywords: Measurement error, match bias, CPS, IPUMS, SIPP
Abstract: This paper studies the relation between different formulas for computing aggregate price indices and estimates of inflation persistence. The relevance of "aggregation bias" for policy making is discussed. We show that "aggregation bias" may not be a concern for a cautious policy-maker. We also show that chained indices are likely to be preferred by econometricians, rather than log-aggregates.
Abstract: This study provides empirical evidence on recent trends in poverty among working families based on the headcount rate and a broader alternative that incorporates the headcount rate, the depth of poverty and income inequality among the poor. Estimates reveal that the different indexes produce significantly different trends. The headcount rate indicates a reduction in overall working poverty for the sample period, while the alternative index showed no statistically significant change. The same result was found for…various population subgroups. Decompositions of the index changes show that tax changes contributed to lower values for both the headcount rate and the alternative index, largely due to recent expansions of the earned income tax credit. Changes in transfer payments added to measured poverty, mirroring the retrenchment of welfare and other transfer programs. Shifts in market-based income decreased both indexes.
Keywords: Poverty, inequality, working poor, poverty measurement, anti-poverty policy
Abstract: The employment and earnings effects of the state-oriented federal welfare reform legislation of 1996 have been extensively studied using either survey or administrative data. Because information may differ substantially across these sources, it is difficult both to identify the true effects of these interventions and to compare evaluation estimates of these interventions that rely on these different data sources. This paper uses data gathered as part of the Wisconsin Child Support Demonstration Evaluation to examine the…extent to which administrative (unemployment insurance) and survey records on employment and earnings for a sample of low-skilled women are congruent. Our findings suggest that there are substantial differences in both mean earnings and mean employment rates between survey and unemployment insurance (UI) data. We identify the extent to which these disparities can be explained by differences between these data sources in the definition of earnings or the method of data collection. We also examine the differences between UI and survey sources in estimates of employment and earnings growth among low-skilled women.
Abstract: Previous research has used short, 2-year panels constructed from matched CPS files to examine a number of topics. This paper shows how researchers can examine labor market transitions using March CPS data without matching, demonstrates that separation rates from these panels are comparable to those generated using the more traditional approach of comparing two points in time, and describes the adjustments required to ensure that the series are consistent over time. The main advantage to using…unmatched data, compared with matched data, is the absence of attrition bias and an unbroken time series dating back to 1976. I provide two examples of how these short panels can be used to address issues that would normally require longitudinal data.