Journal of Berry Research - Volume Pre-press, issue Pre-press
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Impact Factor 2019: 2.379
The main objective of the
Journal of Berry Research is to improve the knowledge about quality and production of berries to benefit health of the consumers and maintain profitable production using sustainable systems.
The objective will be achieved by focusing on four main areas of research and development:
1. From genetics to variety evaluation
2. Nursery production systems and plant quality control
3. Plant physiology, biochemistry and molecular biology, as well as cultural management
4. Health for the consumer: components and factors affecting berries' nutritional value
Specifically, the journal will cover berries (strawberry, raspberry, blackberry, blueberry, cranberry currants, etc.), as well as grapes and small soft fruit in general (e.g., kiwi fruit). It will publish research results covering all areas of plant breeding, including plant genetics, genomics, functional genomics, proteomics and metabolomics, plant physiology, plant pathology and plant development, as well as results dealing with the chemistry and biochemistry of bioactive compounds contained in such fruits and their possible role in human health. Contributions detailing possible pharmacological, medical or therapeutic use or dietary significance will be welcomed in addition to studies regarding biosafety issues of genetically modified plants.
Journal of Berry Research will feature reviews, research articles, brief communications, position papers, letters and patent updates.
Abstract: INTRODUCTION: The consumption of mulberry leaf tea is popularly increasing worldwide due to its potential health benefit associated with phenolic compounds. To ensure the quality, the content of phenolic compounds of mulberry leaf tea need to be monitored throughout the storage period. OBJECTIVE: This research proposed a rapid prediction of phenolic compounds and antioxidant activity of mulberry leaf tea using an electronic tongue (e-tongue). METHODS: Total phenolic content (TPC), total flavonoids content (TFC) and antioxidant activity (DPPH and FRAP) of mulberry leaf tea storage at 30–60°C for 12 months was measured by an e-tongue and conventional…chemical analyses. Partial least squares (PLS) regression was applied to predict chemicals parameters by e-tongue data. RESULTS: The PLS models for TPC, TFC, FRAP, and DPPH achieved good predictability with high values of coefficient of determination ( R p 2 = 0.956, 0.964, 0.926, and 0.943, respectively) and gave low mean square error of prediction. CONCLUSION: The results demonstrated that e-tongue can be applied as a rapid and non-destructive tool for the simultaneous evaluation of phenolics compounds and antioxidant activity to ensure the quality and health benefits of mulberry leaf tea.
Keywords: Herbal tea, Morus alba
, phytochemicals, biological activity, e-tongue, partial least squares regression
Abstract: Rose hip is of great interest among food manufacturers and consumers because it contains compounds that give it a high antioxidant capacity. To determine the effect of the frozen storage process over the vitamin C content, total phenols, antioxidant capacity, linolenic acid, linoleic acid, and other properties, rose hip pulp was stored at –5°C, –10°C, –15°C and –20°C. Also, the temperature of –18°C was considered in order to verify differences between the predicted and experimental rates at this commercial storage condition. The kinetics were modeled using the Weibull model, and their rates were correlated with the temperature using the log-logistic…model. Results showed that vitamin C, total phenols content, antioxidant content, and linoleic decreased while frozen. The degradation of vitamin C in rose hip pulp during frozen storage was lower than the degradation rate of the total phenols and the antioxidant capacity, respectively. Shelf life of frozen rose hip pulp was established to be 329.8 days at –18°C.
Keywords: Rose hip, pulp, frozen storage, Weibull, shelf life, phenols
Abstract: Myelodysplastic syndromes (“MDS”), is a group of hematopoietic stem cell disorders that can progress to acute myeloid leukemia. MDS is most commonly found in the aging and elderly population with a 35% 3-year survival rate. With a limited etiological understanding of MDS, and a fast disease progression, patients with MDS may benefit from an increased intake of fresh berries, natural foods, vegetables or products packed with an abundance of vitamins. As of recently, completed and new clinical trials are currently underway to establish an inverse correlation between increased fruit consumption, specifically a berry intake with a generalized decrease in associated…symptoms and an overall improved quality of living. In this special review, the author examined current completed and actively recruiting clinical trials focusing on MDS and the use of berries and their components such as vitamins, and any natural product intervention with the treatment of MDS. This review combined the comprehensive results of human clinical studies to arrive at a common trend in this area, supplemented with published studies. Despite the current information available, indicating minimal correlation or strongly suggesting more comprehensive studies, additional clinical trials using berries may prove to be useful and necessary as an intervention or as an alternative therapeutic supplement to remedy the patient’s ailment.
Keywords: Myelodysplastic syndromes, berries (*), vitamins, black raspberries, fruits, cancer, review, human clinical trials
Abstract: BACKGROUND: In animals and humans black raspberries (BRBs) have chemo-preventative effects against Wnt driven colorectal cancer (CRC). While BRBs have made it into clinical trials, the exact mechanisms of BRB action remain unclear. Potentially the chemo-preventative properties are linked to their impact on the gut microbiome, as diet is known to influence the microbial diversity of the gut and plays a key role in regulating intestinal homeostasis and the aetiology of CRC. OBJECTIVE: To determine the impact of a BRB diet on themicrobial biodiversityof thewild-type and malignant mouse intestine. METHODS: Adult mice in which Wnt driven…tumourigenesis could be initiated by conditional deletion of Apc in the intestinal stem cell (Lgr5CreERT2 ) were administered a 10% BRB diet. Total DNA from faecal pellets pre- and post-BRB exposure was used for longitudinal metataxonomic analysis of the V1 to V3 regions of the 16S rRNA gene. RESULTS: Individually BRB intervention and Apc loss alter the microbial community of the gut. In combination, the microbiome changes observed in the Apc deficient intestine are attenuated upon administration of a BRB diet. CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that BRB intervention may protectively regulate the gut microbiota in the healthy and malignant intestine.
Keywords: Colorectal cancer, black raspberries, diet, gut microbiome
Abstract: This review summarizes the mechanistic and clinical research on the use of cranberry as an alternative management strategy for H. pylori bacteria in populations at high risk for infection-induced peptic ulcers and gastric cancer. The multiple mechanisms of action of cranberry polyphenols and how they may be applied in relation to what is known about the pathogenicity of H. pylori offers opportunity for utilizing this fruit to potentially help lower the incidence of ulcers and concomitant gastric cancer.
Keywords: Cranberry, Helicobacter pylori, suppression, antibiotic resistance, ulcers, stomach cancer
Abstract: Consumption of cranberry fruits or juice rich in polyphenols is associated with a wide range of potential health benefits. We and others have previously showed that cranberry juice concentrate and its phytochemicals, flavonols, anthocyanins and A-type proanthocyandins, may have potential to be chemopreventive agents. Although a number of cranberry constituents have been implicated in cancer prevention, our understanding about which metabolites are bio-available to reach target sites and thereby elicit cancer chemopreventive properties is still lacking. However, poor plasma bioavailability of cranberry constituents may be overcome by their potential interactions with gut microbiota by providing cancer prevention through induction of…compositional and functional modifications of gut microbiota. Well-designed clinical trials evaluating metabolic and gut microbiome changes associated with cranberry consumption would provide useful information about the cancer patient’s response to dietary intervention with cranberry constituents.