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Impact Factor2023: 1.7
The main objective of the
Journal of Berry Research is to improve the knowledge about quality and production of berries to benefit health of the consumers and maintain profitable production using sustainable systems.
The objective will be achieved by focusing on four main areas of research and development:
1. From genetics to variety evaluation
2. Nursery production systems and plant quality control
3. Plant physiology, biochemistry and molecular biology, as well as cultural management
4. Health for the consumer: components and factors affecting berries' nutritional value
Specifically, the journal will cover berries (strawberry, raspberry, blackberry, blueberry, cranberry currants, etc.), as well as grapes and small soft fruit in general (e.g., kiwi fruit). It will publish research results covering all areas of plant breeding, including plant genetics, genomics, functional genomics, proteomics and metabolomics, plant physiology, plant pathology and plant development, as well as results dealing with the chemistry and biochemistry of bioactive compounds contained in such fruits and their possible role in human health. Contributions detailing possible pharmacological, medical or therapeutic use or dietary significance will be welcomed in addition to studies regarding biosafety issues of genetically modified plants.
Journal of Berry Research will feature reviews, research articles, brief communications, position papers, letters and patent updates.
Abstract: Diets enriched in plant-based foods are associated with the maintenance of a good well-being and with the prevention of many non-communicable diseases. The health effects of fruits and vegetables consumption are mainly due to the presence of micronutrients, including vitamins and minerals, and polyphenols, plant secondary metabolites. One of the most important classes of phenolic compounds are anthocyanins, that confer the typical purple-red color to many foods, such as berries, peaches, plums, red onions, purple corn, eggplants, as well as purple carrots, sweet potatoes and red cabbages, among others. This commentary aims to briefly highlight the progress made by science…in the last years, focusing on some unexpected aspects related with anthocyanins, such as their bioavailability, their health effects and their relationship with gut microbiota.
Keywords: Anthocyanins, bioavailability, disease prevention, gut microbiota
Abstract: BACKGROUND: Blueberries are rich in organic and inorganic compounds, such as sugars, proteins, and polyphenols. But this fruit is highly perishable and difficult to store and transport. Currently, to increase their shelf life, blueberries are often processed into a variety of products. For example, drying is the most frequently processing method. However, the effect of the drying process on flavor and quality remains unexplored. OBJECTIVE: In this study, blueberries were hot air dried at 50, 60, 70, and 80°C. The effect of different drying temperatures on blueberries’ flavor substances and quality, including moisture content, color, reducing sugar, and…free amino acids, were investigated. RESULTS: The results demonstrated a significant reduction in the moisture, reducing sugar, and free amino acid contents in dried blueberry products with the drying temperature (P < 0.05). In addition, 50°C significantly promoted the formation of free amino acids, linalool and, α-terpineol crucial flavor components present in blueberries (P < 0.05). Furthermore, minimum thermal damage was observed. In the flavor principal component analysis, the blueberry samples dried at 50°C were the closest to the raw material among all the temperatures tested. Therefore, 50°C was more suitable for blueberries hot air drying and maintaining the high-quality. CONCLUSION: Overall, this study could explore the influence of different temperatures on the quality of blueberry-dried products and could help optimize the future production and industrialization of blueberries.
Abstract: BACKGROUND: Sea buckthorn (SBT) (Hippophae rhamnoides L.), a shrub rich with a huge variety of vitamins, antioxidants and other biologically active constituents with pharmacological and cosmaceutical applications. OBJECTIVE: The current review aims to compile the recent reported data on the ethnobotany, phytochemistry, biological activities and cosmaceutical uses of SBT plant from different regions of the world. METHODS: A wide-ranging inquiry on SBT was done electronically on the basis of articles and abstracts published in peer-reviewed journals, issued in conference proceedings, government reports, books, Master’s and Ph.D. theses, etc. The research was carried out in different…international scientific databases like Academic Search, Biological Abstracts, BIOSIS, BioOne Previews, CabDirect, Cochrane Library, Pubmed/Medline, GeoRef, Google Scholar, JSTOR, Journal Citation Reports, Mendeley, Publons, Researchgate, Scopus, SciELO, Springer Link, Science Direct, Web of Science, Taylor and Francis with particular keywords. RESULTS: A total of 185 published papers were assessed through the search approach and 162 papers were included published on SBT. It was evident from the literature search that the uses of SBT as traditional medicine so far against nearly 50 health related complications in more than 18 regions of the world are still a common practice where the decoction of leaves and juice/paste from berries/fruits of SBT were the common administration modes. Data on the phytochemical profile of SBT revealed more than 50 diverse reported groups of compounds with remarkable antioxidant activity against reactive oxygen species (ROS) using DPPH, FRAP and ABTS as common methods. Moreover to-date, the reported antimicrobial activity of SBT uncovered that the extracts from SBT were examined in contradiction of 32 strains of bacteria and 15 strains of fungus with significant inhibitory actions against the bacterial and fungal strains. The SBT extracts actions reported so far on different viral disease categories displayed active inhibition of the growth of nearly 15 different viral strains. The reported anticancer activity of compounds in SBT extracts to date evidenced remarkable results against more than 20 different cancer cell lines/types. Moreover, SBT oil containing fatty acids, tocopherols and carotenoids is effectively used with cosmetic applications for skin care. CONCLUSIONS: Conclusively, SBT is rich with several remarkable phytochemicals that may have diverse biological actions and for that reason reassure the use of decoctions and/or infusions of SBT as folk traditional medicine around the world. Conversely, it is essential to explore the molecular mechanisms of compounds responsible for biological activities of SBT and to advance in the research of clinical uses and development of SBT based therapeutic and cosmetic products.
Abstract: BACKGROUND: In general, fruit that develops from early-opening flowers ripens earlier than fruit from late-opening flowers. However, the opposite has been observed in the rabbiteye blueberry cultivar “Brightwell” (Vaccinium ashei ). OBJECTIVE: From the differences of endogenous hormones and mineral nutrition, with attempt to analyze the reasons for fruit from late-opening flowers on lateral racemes of “Brightwell” ripened earlier than fruit from early-opening flowers on terminal racemes. RESULTS: Fruit from late-opening flowers on lateral racemes of “Brightwell” ripened earlier than fruit from early-opening flowers on terminal racemes. This may be associated with the higher levels of…giberellin 1, abscisic acid (ABA), salicylic acid, jasmonic acid, phosphorus, iron and boron in the early developmental stages, and the higher ABA level and lower giberellin 9 level in the fruit ripening stages on lateral racemes, compared with on terminal racemes. However, the fruit borne on the terminal racemes of “O’Neal” grew faster than fruit borne on lateral racemes, this may be correlated with the higher IAA, iron, manganese, zinc and boron levels, and the lower ABA level, in the early fruit developmental stages on terminal racemes, compared with on lateral racemes. CONCLUSIONS: The growth and ripening differences in fruit set at the two positions of the two blueberry cultivars may be associated with hormonal and nutritional control during fruit development.
Keywords: Vaccinium ashei, fruit development, hormone, mineral nutrient
Abstract: BACKGROUND: Romina strawberry cultivar is rich in bioactive compounds. Healthy properties of Romina have been only partially investigated. There are almost no information concerning aging and age-related diseases like Alzheimer’s Disease (AD). OBJECTIVE: To evaluate about the effects of a methanolic extract of the strawberry Romina cultivar on aging, redox biology, and tau protein-related aspects of AD in Caenorhabditis elegans . METHODS: Caenorhabditis elegans strains were treated with 100, 500 or 1000μg/mL of a methanolic extract of the Romina cultivar and evaluated for toxicity, lifespan, tau protein expression and redox biology markers. RESULTS:…No toxicity was found. Tau expression was lower in nematodes treated with 500 and 1000μg/mL. All treatments induced higher lifespan than control. Lipofuscin expression was higher in old nematodes and the treatments led to a lower expression in young and old animals. Redox biology markers were improved by strawberry treatment in young and old animals, but the best results were found for different dosages depending on age. CONCLUSIONS: Romina cultivar presented promising effects concerning tau-related AD and longevity. Romina might be considered from the point of view of a proper regulation of redox biology, but considering that treatment conditions should be adjusted by age.
Keywords: GSH, lifespan, mitochondrial oxidative stress, ROS, tau proteotoxicity