Isokinetics and Exercise Science - Volume 28, issue 3
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Isokinetics and Exercise Science (IES) is an international journal devoted to the study of theoretical and applied aspects of human muscle performance. Since isokinetic dynamometry constitutes the major tool in this area, the journal takes a particular interest in exploring the considerable potential of this technology.
Isokinetics and Exercise Science publishes studies associated with the methodology of muscle performance especially with respect to the issues of reproducibility and validity of testing, description of normal and pathological mechanical parameters which are derivable from muscle testing, applications in basic research topics such as motor learning paradigms and electromyography. The journal also publishes studies on applications in clinical settings and technical aspects of the various measurement systems employed in human muscle performance research.
Isokinetics and Exercise Science welcomes submissions in the form of research papers, reviews, case studies and technical reports from professionals in the fields of sports medicine, orthopaedic and neurological rehabilitation and exercise physiology.
Abstract: BACKGROUND: Muscle weakness is a common impairment accompanying stroke. OBJECTIVE: Describe isokinetic testing procedures and clinimetric findings associated with the testing of older individuals with weakness following stroke. METHODS: Relevant articles were identified by an electronic PubMed search using the search string “isokinet * AND stroke.” RESULTS: Seventy-six relevant articles were found. The articles largely support the validity and reliability of isokinetic strength testing of older patients with stroke. Little data are available that provides specific information on the responsiveness for such measures. CONCLUSIONS:…Isokinetic dynamometry is a valid and reliable measure of muscle strength after stroke. However, it is not particularly practical and information is lacking regarding its responsiveness.
Abstract: BACKGROUND: Shoulder pathology is common, particularly in older adults. This pathology often involves the muscles of the shoulder, particularly those of the rotator cuff. Although there are many procedures for measuring muscle weakness and imbalance of the shoulder rotator muscles, isokinetic dynamometry is probably considered the gold standard. OBJECTIVE : To describe the use and findings of isokinetic testing of the shoulder rotator muscles in patients with shoulder disorders. METHODS: A PubMed search was performed using the string “isokinet* AND rotator cuff.” Thereafter, a secondary hand search was conducted. Original articles that reported isokinetic…measures of the shoulder rotators in older patients with orthopedic shoulder disorders were identified, summarized, and critically appraised. RESULTS: Thirty-four relevant articles were found. The articles largely support the validity, reliability, and responsiveness of isokinetic strength measures of shoulder rotation strength in patients with shoulder pathology. CONCLUSIONS: The literature provides support for the isokinetic measurement of rotator muscle performance in patients with shoulder pathology. However, it is not always practical in the clinical setting.