International Journal of Developmental Science - Volume 13, issue 1-2
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Individual human development is influenced by a multitude of systems, ranging from cultural processes, genetic and physiological incidents up to social interactions. How do these systems cooperate and interact during the course of human development? One of the main goals of Developmental Science is finding an answer to this question.
Since it exceeds the means of researchers from individual scientific disciplines to investigate the simultaneous biopsychosocial changes of systems and how they jointly contribute to the social and adaptive functions of human individuals, a new scientific approach is necessary that links the various traditional scientific disciplines under a biopsychosocial approach to describe individual human development: Developmental Science.
Developmental Science combines concepts and insights from scientific disciplines which hitherto used to independently tackle the research of human and non-human development. As an interdisciplinary approach it examines individuals across the lifespan with the objective of comprehending the development of individuals with different cultural and ethnic as well as biological background, different economic and cognitive potentials and under diverse living conditions. To facilitate the understanding of developmental processes it is also necessary to overcome the disadvantageous separation of “normal” from “abnormal” human development. Thus, the interdisciplinary field of Developmental Science comprises a holistic approach to understanding how different systems interact and influence development throughout life from genetic and physiological processes to social interactions and cultural processes.
International Journal of Developmental Science is especially devoted to research from the fields of Psychology, Genetics, Neuroscience and Biology and provides an interdisciplinary and international forum for basic research and professional application in the field of Developmental Science. The reader will find original empirical or theoretical contributions, methodological and review papers, giving a systematic overview or evaluation of research and theories of Developmental Science and dealing with typical human development and developmental psychopathology during infancy, childhood, adolescence and adulthood. All manuscripts pass through a multilevel peer-review process.
In 2007-2010 (Vol. 1-4) this journal was named
European Journal of Developmental Science. In 2011 its name was changed to
International Journal of Developmental Science.
Abstract: The present study sought to examine the independent, hierarchical, and integrative models of multiple attachment relationships in a sample of Greek-Cypriots in middle adolescence and to test the distinct and interactive effects of these relationships on bullying involvement. A sample of Greek-Cypriot adolescents (N = 406, 55.4% females, M age = 16.01, SD = 0.82) completed the Greek forms of the Revised Olweus Bully-Victim Questionnaire (BVQ-R), the Inventory of Parental and Peer Attachment (IPPA), and the Questionnaire on Teacher Interaction (QTI). Path models were used to test for the effect of multiple attachment relationships on bullying and victimization, using AMOS 24.0.The integrative model…of multiple attachment relationships was supported and found to have significant effects on bullying involvement. The effect of the quality of the mother-adolescent relationship on bullying involvement was fully mediated by the quality of the attachment relationships with peers and the interpersonal relationship with teachers. The quality of adolescents’ relationship with teachers affected their interactions with peers, and not the opposite, though both continued to have distinct effects on bullying involvement.
Abstract: This study examines individual and family predictors of disrespect sensitivity in urban adolescents. Seventy-five adolescents from Southeastern USA (95% African American, 52% female) participated in two waves of a longitudinal study (mean ages 16.1 and 17.8 years, SDs = 1.11). Youth reported on their disrespect sensitivity at both time points, as well as physical aggression and parental nurturance at Time 1. Parents reported on parental harsh discipline, household income, and highest level of education. Multiple regressions tested concurrent and longitudinal predictors of disrespect sensitivity. Physical aggression and older age predicted greater concurrent disrespect sensitivity. Physical aggression, lower family SES, and lower parental…nurturance predicted greater disrespect sensitivity over time. The findings may help identify youth who are at risk to interpret ambiguous behavior as disrespectful, and in turn respond aggressively and become victimized. These youth may benefit from interventions to reduce disrespect sensitivity, which could be incorporated into existing violence prevention programs.
Keywords: Disrespect, aggression, African American adolescents
Abstract: Diversified emotional responses are generally referred as the evidence of showing categorical perception of major and minor modes. Yet it is uncertain whether the categorical performance is independent to the emotion tagging. This study therefore adopted a direct measure with the proper controlled stimuli to reexamine the categorial nature of major and minor modes across ages. Results showed that except the group of male elderly, untrained participants in all three age groups performed better than chance in the categorisation task. Their above chance level performance might therefore suggests an implicit working of the conceptualisation of major and minor. Suggestion on…hearing ability and item validity were also made so that the performance of elderly and the potential performance difference between sex can be further interpreted.
Abstract: This study examined coping strategies as mediators of the relationship between parental emotion socialization and internalizing problems in late adolescence and emerging adulthood, and whether these relationships varied by gender or ethnicity. Participants were 1,087 individuals (Mage = 19.35 years; 50% male; 61% African American, 36% European American). Results from structural equation modeling indicated that parental supportive responses to sadness and fear were associated with less emotional distress, and this relationship was partly mediated by greater use of task-oriented coping and lower use of emotion-oriented coping. Parental unsupportive responses were related to greater emotional distress, and this relationship was fully mediated…by greater use of emotion-oriented coping. Gender and ethnic differences emerged in the links between parental responses and several coping strategies. The findings suggest that parental emotion socialization may contribute to emotional functioning by fostering specific coping strategies, with some differences across gender and ethnicity.
Keywords: Emotion socialization, coping, internalizing problems, late adolescence, emerging adulthood
Abstract: Many well-established developmental theories concentrate on strategies of regulation and try to explain how individuals compensate for possible losses in old age. In public debates, and in laypeople’s perception of aging, however, activity and productivity seem to be central concepts associated with successful aging. The present research focuses on subjective developmental theories on aging from an older individuals’ point of view. Within this research project, the aim was not only to focus on older individuals’ perceptions, but also whether they are similar or potentially different to younger adults’ views on aging, since younger individuals are more distant to a concrete…idea of what it means to ‘be old’. In a first qualitative study interviews with older individuals were conducted, focusing differences in subjective theories on aging. In a second study two sub-samples of adults (225 older adults, aged 60 to 100 years and 194 young adults, aged 18–30 years) were investigated concerning particular aspects of successful aging, including activity and disengagement. Both studies give evidence for the importance of balancing gains and losses and show the relevance of both, activity and disengagement for successful aging. Moreover, the importance of control over individually meaningful aspects for successful aging is discussed.
Keywords: Successful aging, life-span development, concepts of aging, subjective theories, mixed methods research
Abstract: This study examined age, gender, and ethnic differences in sexual communication satisfaction and relationship satisfaction among participants. Participants included 164 Caucasian Americans, 76 African Americans, and 112 Korean Americans residing in Northwest Ohio in the United States with 206 females (58.5%) and 146 males (41.5%) at the age range 40–84 years (mean = 55, SD = 10.45). Results identified significant differences in sexual communication satisfaction and relationship satisfaction based on age, gender, and ethnicity. Caucasian Americans and African Americans had significantly higher scores than Korean Americans in sexual communication satisfaction and/or relationship satisfaction. Age, gender, and ethnic specific programs to help older adults improve…their quality of life through sexual communication are suggested.
Keywords: Sexual communication, relationship satisfaction, ethnicity, gender, age