International Journal of Developmental Science - Volume 1, issue 2
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Individual human development is influenced by a multitude of systems, ranging from cultural processes, genetic and physiological incidents up to social interactions. How do these systems cooperate and interact during the course of human development? One of the main goals of Developmental Science is finding an answer to this question.
Since it exceeds the means of researchers from individual scientific disciplines to investigate the simultaneous biopsychosocial changes of systems and how they jointly contribute to the social and adaptive functions of human individuals, a new scientific approach is necessary that links the various traditional scientific disciplines under a biopsychosocial approach to describe individual human development: Developmental Science.
Developmental Science combines concepts and insights from scientific disciplines which hitherto used to independently tackle the research of human and non-human development. As an interdisciplinary approach it examines individuals across the lifespan with the objective of comprehending the development of individuals with different cultural and ethnic as well as biological background, different economic and cognitive potentials and under diverse living conditions. To facilitate the understanding of developmental processes it is also necessary to overcome the disadvantageous separation of “normal” from “abnormal” human development. Thus, the interdisciplinary field of Developmental Science comprises a holistic approach to understanding how different systems interact and influence development throughout life from genetic and physiological processes to social interactions and cultural processes.
International Journal of Developmental Science is especially devoted to research from the fields of Psychology, Genetics, Neuroscience and Biology and provides an interdisciplinary and international forum for basic research and professional application in the field of Developmental Science. The reader will find original empirical or theoretical contributions, methodological and review papers, giving a systematic overview or evaluation of research and theories of Developmental Science and dealing with typical human development and developmental psychopathology during infancy, childhood, adolescence and adulthood. All manuscripts pass through a multilevel peer-review process.
In 2007-2010 (Vol. 1-4) this journal was named
European Journal of Developmental Science. In 2011 its name was changed to
International Journal of Developmental Science.
Abstract: In the wake of his death, it is a fair tribute to Gilbert Gottlieb to recognize him as a central figure in the creation of conditions that permitted the introduction of developmental thinking in developmental psychology. These included exposing the sterility of the nature-nurture debate and the adoption of a biological framework that conceives of living entities, not as machines, but as self-organizing systems. It is from this vantage point that Gottlieb brought to the attention of psychologists the epigenetic view of development. I this article I summarize various themes that were central to Gottlieb's conception of epigenesis, including, the…notions of differentiation and functional integration, bidirectionality between structure and function, and the fact that new information for development is generated by the process of development itself.
Keywords: Epigenesis, differentiation, systems theory, bidirectionality, coaction, psychobiology, neophenogenesis
Abstract: In addition to his pioneering studies on prenatal development of social responses in the mallard, Gilbert Gottlieb made important theoretical contributions to the study of the evolution of behavior. This tribute to Gottlieb presents his early view that prenatal behavioral development is the product of evolution and his revision of this view in his later writings. In these he saw behavioral development as a prime mover in evolution through the development of behavioral neophenotypes. These contributions place him in the company of his mentors, Z-Y Kuo, T.C. Schneirla, and D.S. Lehrman.
Abstract: This article aims to illustrate some of the far-reaching theoretical impacts the research of Gilbert Gottlieb has made outside the fields of psychology, biology and sociology. Specifically, this theorist's “Developmental Point of View” has far reaching impacts as a potential model for investigating in the fields of health care. Epigenetic development cannot be adequately described or explored without considering a multitude of factors including, but not limited to; genetic, neural, behavioral and environmental “bi-directional influences.” The goal of the present article is to acknowledge a great theorist, Gilbert Gottlieb and demonstrate how his ideas inspire other ideas and in fact…may change one's own understanding of development.