Clinical Hemorheology and Microcirculation - Volume Pre-press, issue Pre-press
Purchase individual online access for 1 year to this journal.
Price: EUR 185.00
Impact Factor 2017: 1.679
Clinical Hemorheology and Microcirculation, a peer-reviewed international scientific journal, serves as an aid to understanding the flow properties of blood and the relationship to normal and abnormal physiology. The rapidly expanding science of hemorheology concerns blood, its components and the blood vessels with which blood interacts. It includes perihemorheology, i.e., the rheology of fluid and structures in the perivascular and interstitial spaces as well as the lymphatic system. The clinical aspects include pathogenesis, symptomatology and diagnostic methods, and the fields of prophylaxis and therapy in all branches of medicine and surgery, pharmacology and drug research.
The endeavour of the Editors-in-Chief and publishers of
Clinical Hemorheology and Microcirculation is to bring together contributions from those working in various fields related to blood flow all over the world. The editors of
Clinical Hemorheology and Microcirculation are from those countries in Europe, Asia, Australia and America where appreciable work in clinical hemorheology and microcirculation is being carried out. Each editor takes responsibility to decide on the acceptance of a manuscript. He is required to have the manuscript appraised by two referees and may be one of them himself. The executive editorial office, to which the manuscripts have been submitted, is responsible for rapid handling of the reviewing process.
Clinical Hemorheology and Microcirculation accepts original papers, brief communications, mini-reports and letters to the Editors-in-Chief. Review articles, providing general views and new insights into related subjects, are regularly invited by the Editors-in-Chief. Proceedings of international and national conferences on clinical hemorheology (in original form or as abstracts) complete the range of editorial features.
The following professionals and institutions will benefit most from subscribing to
Clinical Hemorheology and Microcirculation: medical practitioners in all fields including hematology, cardiology, geriatrics, angiology, surgery, obstetrics and gynecology, ophthalmology, otology, and neurology. Pharmacologists, clinical laboratories, blood transfusion centres, manufacturing firms producing diagnostic instruments, and the pharmaceutical industry will also benefit.
Important new topics will increasingly claim more pages of
Clinical Hemorheology and Microcirculation: the role of hemorheological and microcirculatory disturbances for epidemiology and prognosis, in particular regarding cardiovascular disorders, as well as its significance in the field of geriatrics. Authors and readers are invited to contact the editors for specific information or to make suggestions.
Abstract: BACKGROUND: Little is known about the effect of mean arterial blood pressure (MAP) augmentation on the microcirculation in cardiogenic-shock patients with peripheral veno-arterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) support. We investigated the effect of increasing MAP on the microcirculation in cardiogenic-shock patients with ECMO support. METHODS: A single-center prospective observational study under taken in ICU patients undergoing ECMO support for post-cardiotomy cardiogenic shock was carried out. Patients with MAP <60 mmHg treated with ECMO support were the study cohort. Inotropic and vasopressor agents (dopamine, dobutamine, norepinephrine or epinephrine) were administered to maintain the MAP at 60–90 mmHg. Hemodynamic and…microcirculatory data were obtained at a baseline MAP of <60 mmHg and 1 h after target MAP was reached. As parameters of microcirculation, we measured thenar eminence tissue oxygenation (StO2 ) and its change during the vessel obstruction test and cerebral tissue oxygenation (rSO2 ) with near-infrared spectroscopy. RESULTS: Seventeen patients were enrolled in the study. MAP of all patients increased and reached predefined therapeutic targets (52 [50–54.5] vs.74 [70–78.5] mmHg; p < 0.001). To obtain these targets, doses of inotropic agents were increased (inotrope score increased from 14 [15.5–28] μg/kg/min; p < 0.001). No obvious changes were observed in thenarmuscleStO2 and cerebral rSO2 . Thenar muscle StO2 desaturation slope and resaturation slopes during the vessel obstruction test were also unchanged. CONCLUSIONS: Increasing MAP from <60 mmHg to 60–90 mmHg did not affect microcirculation variables in cardiogenic-shock patients with ECMO support.
Abstract: BACKGROUND: Extracorporeal perfusion (EP) is moving into focus of research in reconstructive and transplantation medicine for the preservation of amputates and free tissue transplants. The idea behind EP is the reduction of ischemia-related cell damage between separation from blood circulation and reanastomosis of the transplant. Most experimental approaches are based on a complex system that moves the perfusate in a circular course. OBJECTIVE AND METHODS: In this study, we aimed to evaluate if a simple perfusion by an infusion bag filled with an electrolyte solution can provide acceptable results in terms of flow stability, oxygen supply and…viability conservation for EP of a muscle transplant. The results are compared to muscles perfused with a pump system as well as muscles stored under ischemic conditions with a one-time intravasal flushing with Jonosteril. RESULTS: With this simple method a sufficient oxygen supply could be achieved and functionality could be maintained between 3.35 times and 4.60 times longer compared to the control group. Annexin V positive nuclei, indicating apoptosis, increased by 9.7% in the perfused group compared to 24.4% in the control group. CONCLUSIONS: Overall, by decreasing the complexity of the system, EP by one-way infusion can become more feasible in clinical situations.
Abstract: The focus of this paper is the determination of endothelial dysfunction in patients with metabolic syndrome (MetS) and the establishment of a relationship between the traditional biomarkers of endothelial dysfunction and the vascular tone regulation indices obtained from indirect cold tests in MetS patients. Our investigation was conducted on 30 patients aged 45.5±9 years. The control group comprised 14 healthy subjects aged 48.2±2.4 years. The mechanism of vascular tone regulation was investigated using the wavelet analysis of skin temperature oscillations (WAST). The degrees of microvascular vasoconstriction and vasodilatation were determined during contralateral cold tests in the endothelial (0.02–0.0095 Hz), neurogenic (0.05–0.02 Hz)…and myogenic (0.05–0.14 Hz) frequency ranges. In MetS patients, vasoconstriction indices were higher and vasodilatation indices were lower than in the subjects of the control group, which is indicative of disorders in the mechanisms of microvascular tone regulation. These indices correlate with the metabolic parameters and VEGF (vascular endothelial growth factor) levels. The correlation of vasoconstriction and vasodilatation indices with the main factors of the metabolic syndrome testifies that the biological and functional aspects of the endothelial dysfunction are closely related.
Keywords: Endothelial dysfunction, wavelet analysis of skin temperature oscillations, metabolic syndrome
Abstract: BACKGROUND: Flap hypoperfusion or ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) may occur during preparation-transposition procedures and by postoperative thrombotic complications. Behind the microcirculatory disturbances micro-rheological alterations are also supposed. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to investigate the groin flap I/R with following-up micro-rheological parameters. METHODS: Anesthetized rats were subjected to Control or I/R groups. Groin flaps were prepared bilaterally, pedicled on the superficial epigastric vessels. In Control group the flaps were re-sutured after one hour, while in I/R group microvascular clips were applied on the pedicles for 60 minutes, then the flaps were repositioned. Besides daily wound control, before the operation…and on the 1st, 3rd, 5th, 7th and 14th postoperative days blood samples were collected for testing red blood cell (RBC) deformability (rotational ektacytometry) and aggregation (light-transmission aggregometry). RESULTS: RBC deformability significantly worsened by the 3rd–7th postoperative day in I/R group. RBC aggregation enhanced significantly by the 1st day, in I/R group it remained elevated on the 3rd day as well. In a complicated case with unilateral flap necrosis, RBC deformability and aggregation worsening was outlined from its group (base, 1st, 3rd day). CONCLUSION: Wound healing affected micro-rheological parameters in the early postoperative period. Flap I/R exacerbated the alterations. The parameters markedly worsened in case of flap necrosis.
Abstract: BACKGROUND: Improvement of skin microcirculation would be beneficial in transplanted tissues and thus, there is a demand for effective, reliable and harmless angiogenic treatments. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of capsaicin application (CA), the remote effect of capsaicin application (REC), the impact of remote ischemic conditioning (RIC), and the impact of combined remote ischemic conditioning with capsaicin application (Comb) on human skin microcirculation. METHODS: Perfusion changes were assessed using a laser Doppler device (easyLDI, Aimago Lausanne). 30 healthy volunteers were enrolled and divided into two groups: 1) CA and REC: perfusion was assessed…on both forearms after application of capsaicin cream on one forearm with an exposure time of 40 minutes. 2) RIC and Comb: perfusion of one forearm was assessed after four cycles of 5 min blood occlusion and 5 min reperfusion using a tourniquet on the contralateral upper arm and application of capsaicin on the ipsilateral forearm. Baseline skin perfusion measurements of both forearms were carried out initially and were used as intra-individual reference. RESULTS: 1) Skin perfusion significantly increased after capsaicin application (CA = +328.3% , p > 0.05). There was no remote skin perfusion change due to capsaicin (REC). 2) RIC significantly improves skin perfusion (RIC = +20.0% , p < 0.05). The combination of RIC and CA does not improve skin perfusion compared to CA alone (Comb). CONCLUSIONS: The conditioning techniques RIC and CA showed a significant increase in human skin perfusion, CA being superior to RIC. However, the combination of CA and RIC showed no additional improvement potential as compared to CA alone. Furthermore, a remote effect of capsaicin application could not be demonstrated. These results encourage to analyze if the conditioning treatments are also beneficial for transplanted tissue survival.
Abstract: BACKGROUND: Arteriovenous fistula (AVF) may affect erythrocytes through many pathways (e.g., mechanical, inflammatory). However, these effects haven’t been elucidated completely yet. OBJECTIVE: To follow-up the hemorheological and the hematological changes in the presence of artificial carotid-jugular fistula in rats. METHODS: Female Wistar rats were subjected to sham-operated group (SG, n = 6) and to fistula group (FG, n = 10). Under general anesthesia, the right carotid artery and jugular vein were isolated via a neck incision, and in the FG carotid-jugular fistula was performed by microsurgical techniques Hematological variables, red blood cell (RBC) deformability…and membrane (mechanical) stability parameters were determined before operation and on the 1st and 6th postoperative weeks. Density separated samples (‘young’ and ‘old’ RBCs) were also tested. RESULTS: In FG group hematocrit, RBC and platelet counts increased gradually to reach highly significant level of increment on the 6th postoperative week. RBC deformability significantly was impaired. The membrane stability test showed lower deformability values after applying mechanical shearing. No significant differences were observed between density separated RBC subpopulations. CONCLUSIONS: The presence of arterio-venous fistula may lead to an increment of RBC mass and impairment of RBC deformability. These changes could be one of the pathways through which the fistula influences the microcirculation.
Abstract: BACKGROUND: Ozone is used intensively worldwide in treatment and research of various pathologies due to its healing effects. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of major ozone autohemotherapy on erythrocyte deformability and aggregation. METHODS: 10 and 50μ g/ml doses of ozone was applied for 20 minute to venous blood samples obtained from 10 healthy male volunteers. Erythrocyte aggregation, deformability were measured by an ektacytometer. Total oxidant status, total antioxidant status were measured via a commercial kit. The oxidative stress index was calculated. RESULTS: Ozone at 10 and 50μ g/ml…doses did not alter erythrocyte aggregation. 50μ g/ml ozone increased red blood cell (RBC) deformability measured at 0.53 Pa. Compared with the Control value, there was a significant increase in TOS, TAS for the doses of 10 and 50μ g/ml. The increase in TAS was found to be more significant at 10μ g/ml dose. The most obvious increase in OSI value was observed at 50μ g/ml. CONCLUSION: Our results demonstrate that although 10μ g/ml ozone has no effect on hemorheology, 50μ g/ml ozone concentration has positive effects on RBC deformability, thus circulation at 0.53 Pa corresponding to the shear stress encountered during venous circulation.
Abstract: BACKGROUND: A native AV-fistula (AVF) for access in hemodialysis (HD) is preferable. Stenosis, a major hurdle, is associated with older age and diabetes mellitus. PURPOSE: This case-control study aimed to clarify if any medical and/or laboratory factors, that can be altered, could be associated to AVF stenosis. METHODS: 33 patients with a patent AVF without need of intervention during a two year period (Controls) were matched by diagnosis and age with 33 patients (Cases), that had at least one radiological invasive examination/intervention due to suspected AVF malfunction (case-control mode 2:1). RESULTS: Cases had higher…weekly doses of Erythropoietin-Stimulating Agent (ESA) than Controls both before intervention (mean 8312±7119 U/w versus 4348±3790, p = 0.005) and after the intervention (7656±6795, versus 4477±3895, p = 0.018). Before intervention serum phosphate was higher in Cases while there was no significant difference in blood hemoglobin, weekly standard Kt/V, parathyroid hormone, calcium, albumin, C-reactive protein, smoking habits, BMI or other medication. CONCLUSION: Higher doses of ESA were administered in patients with AVF stenosis. Since ESA may cause local hypertrophic effects on the vascular endothelium, we should prescribe lower doses of ESA in patients at risk. Further studies should clarify such connection.
Abstract: Background: Skin physiology measurement is receiving more attention for detecting vasculopathy in systemic sclerosis (SSc). Laser Doppler flowmetry (LDF) is a widely used physiological measurement to assess cutaneous microcirculation. However, findings of LDF may be normal during early stage of microangiopathy in SSc. Objective: We hypothesized that cold stress test combined with LDF could detect early-stage microangiopathy in patients with SSc. Methods: A 67-year-old male came with multiple ulcerations on his fingers for one year. After excluding diseases such as diabetes mellitus-related peripheral arterial occlusive disease and smoking-related Buerger’s disease, the diagnosis of SSc was made…according to the 2013 ACR/EULAR criteria. We performed LDF and angiography for a patient with SSc and compared the results. Results: Although occlusions of right ulnar and digital arteries were obvious in angiography, the baseline skin temperature and perfusion unit on right fingers remained within normal limits. While the microcirculatory abnormalities measured by LDF alone are subtle, LDF combined with cold stress test detected a significant slow recovery of skin blood flow 40 minutes after cold immersion. Conclusions: In conclusion, there may be discordance between macrovasculopathy and baseline microcirculatory blood flow in SSc. In such a case, cold immersion test is essential to measure the dynamic change and slow recovery of blood flow.
Abstract: The words “Translational” and “Medicine” have been recently coupled to indicate a combination of disciplines, resources, expertise, and techniques aimed at enhancing prevention, diagnosis, and therapies. As stated in 2015 by the European Society for Translational Medicine, translational medicine is “an interdisciplinary branch of the biomedical field supported by three main pillars: benchside, bedside and community”. By definition, Translational Medicine is a highly interdisciplinary field, which gathers several specialties aimed at improving the global healthcare system. With regard to the assessment of the microcirculatory function, it is worthwhile to mention the growing interest from both basic research and clinical…practice. Microcirculation is where the exchange of substances between blood and tissues takes place. Thus, it plays a key role in the pathophysiology of many diseases. Nonetheless, a gap does exist between the theoretical analysis of the microcirculatory function and its clinical exploitation. This gap can be due to the weak dissemination of analytical methods and theoretical results within the clinical community, which also delays the establishment of specific operative guidelines. This paper aims at encouraging, and possibly accelerating, the translation of basic research outcomes on microcirculatory function assessment into clinical applications.
Keywords: Microcirculation, laser doppler fluxmetry, wavelet analysis, translational