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Biorheology is an international interdisciplinary journal that publishes research on the deformation and flow properties of biological systems or materials. It is the aim of the editors and publishers of
Biorheology to bring together contributions from those working in various fields of biorheological research from all over the world. A diverse editorial board with broad international representation provides guidance and expertise in wide-ranging applications of rheological methods to biological systems and materials.
The aim of biorheological research is to determine and characterize the dynamics of physiological processes at all levels of organization. Manuscripts should report original theoretical and/or experimental research promoting the scientific and technological advances in a broad field that ranges from the rheology of macromolecules and macromolecular arrays to cell, tissue and organ rheology. In all these areas, the interrelationships of rheological properties of the systems or materials investigated and their structural and functional aspects are stressed.
The scope of papers solicited by
Biorheology extends to systems at different levels of organization that have never been studied before, or, if studied previously, have either never been analyzed in terms of their rheological properties or have not been studied from the point of view of the rheological matching between their structural and functional properties. This biorheological approach applies in particular to molecular studies where changes of physical properties and conformation are investigated without reference to how the process actually takes place, how the forces generated are matched to the properties of the structures and environment concerned, proper time scales, or what structures or strength of structures are required.
Biorheology invites papers in which such 'molecular biorheological' aspects, whether in animal or plant systems, are examined and discussed. While we emphasize the biorheology of physiological function in organs and systems, the biorheology of disease is of equal interest. Biorheological analyses of pathological processes and their clinical implications are encouraged, including basic clinical research on hemodynamics and hemorheology.
In keeping with the rapidly developing fields of mechanobiology and regenerative medicine,
Biorheology aims to include studies of the rheological aspects of these fields by focusing on the dynamics of mechanical stress formation and the response of biological materials at the molecular and cellular level resulting from fluid-solid interactions. With increasing focus on new applications of nanotechnology to biological systems, rheological studies of the behavior of biological materials in therapeutic or diagnostic medical devices operating at the micro and nano scales are most welcome.
Abstract: BACKGROUND: Ultrastructural investigations of the endothelial glycocalyx reveal a layer adjacent to the cell surface with a structure consistent with the primary ultrafilter of vascular walls. Theory predicts this layer can be no greater than 200–300 nm thick, a result to be reconciled with observations that red cells and large macromolecules are excluded from a region 1 micrometer or more from the cell membrane. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether this apparent inconsistency might be accounted for by a model of steady state water and protein transport through a glycocalyx bi-layer formed by a porous outer layer in series with a more selective inner layer.…METHODS: Expressions for coupled water and albumin fluxes through the two layers were used to describe steady state ultra-filtration though the bi-layer model. RESULTS: Albumin accumulates at the interface between the porous layer and the selective inner layer. The osmotic pressure of accumulated albumin significantly modifies the observed permeability properties of the microvessel wall by an effective unstirred layer effect. CONCLUSIONS: The model places significant constraints on the outer layer permeability properties . The only outer layer properties that are consistent with measured steady state filtration rates and models of red cell flux through microvessels are an albumin permeability coefficient and hydraulic conductivity more than an order of magnitude larger than the those of the inner layer.