You are viewing a javascript disabled version of the site. Please enable Javascript for this site to function properly.
Go to headerGo to navigationGo to searchGo to contentsGo to footer
In content section. Select this link to jump to navigation

Level Of Knowledge Use Survey (LOKUS) instrument: Documenting knowledge use by stakeholders


Sponsors and scholars engaged in applied technological R&D are increasingly challenged to demonstrate evidence that their project outputs are adopted by stakeholders outside of academia. Potential knowledge users in the Assistive Technology field include clinicians, consumers, manufacturers, policy makers and information brokers. This paper first summarizes prior work to create the LOKUS instrument, a web-based tool designed to survey the level of knowledge use by these stakeholders. It then explores the value of the instrument for measuring change in knowledge use over time.



Bently, PJ, , Gulbrandsen, M, & Kyvik, S (2015). The relationship between basic and applied research in universities. Higher Education, 70, 4, 689-709.


Garcia, R, & Calantone, R (2002). A critical look at technology innovation typology and innovativeness terminology: A literature review. Journal of Product Innovation Management, 19, 2, 110-132.


Mowery, DC, , Nelson, RR, , Sampat, BN, , Ziedonis, AA (2004). Ivory Tower and Industrial Innovation. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.


Godin, B (2014). Invention, diffusion and linear models of innovation. Journal of Innovation Economics & Management, 3, 15, 11-37.


Lane, JP, & Flagg, JA (2010). Translating Three States of Knowledge: Discovery, Invention & Innovation. Implementation Science, 5, 9. content/5/1/9.


McCann, P, & Ortega-Argiles, R (2013). Transforming European regional policy: A results-driven agenda and smart specialization. Oxford Review of Economic Policy, 29, 2, 405-431.


Lane, JP, & Godin, B (2012). Is America's Science, Technology and Innovation Policy Open for Business? Science Progress, June 12. america's-science-technology-and-innovation-policy-open-for-business/.


Sampat, BN (2012). Mission-oriented research at the NIH. Research Policy, 41(10), 1729-1741.


Nobrega, AR, , Lane, JP, et al. (2015). Assessing the Role of National Organizations in Research-based Knowledge Creation. Assistive Technology Outcomes & Benefits, 9, 1, 54-97. Accessed on May 9, 2016 at: /uploads/2015/10/ATOBV9N1.pdf


Canadian Institutes for Health Research - CIHR (2013). About knowledge translation, 29418.html.


Sudsawad, P (2007). Knowledge translation: Introduction to models, strategies, and measures. Austin, TX: Southwest Educational Development Laboratory, National Center for the Dissemination of Disability Research.


Stone, V.I., , Nobrega, A.R., , Lane, J.P., , Tomita, M.R., , Usiak, D.J., , Lockett, M.M., (2014). Development of a measure of knowledge use by stakeholders in rehabilitation technology, Sage Open Medicine, 2, 1-19. Accessed on May 9, 2016 at: pdf+html.


Rogers E (1983). Diffusion of innovations. 3rd ed. New York: Free Press.


Hall GE, , Loucks SF, , Rutherford WL, et al. (1975). Levels of use of the innovation: A framework for analyzing innovation adoption. J Teacher Education, 26(1): 52-56.


Stone V, & Nobrega A (2013). The LOKUS instrument (PDF Version). Accessd on May 9, 2016 at: /cat/kt4tt/projects/past-projects/kt4tt-2008-2013/research-pro jects/lokus-instrument.html.


Stone V, & Nobrega A (2013). The LOKUS instrument (On-line version). Accessed on May 9, 2016 at: http://sphhp.buff rch-projects/lokus-instrument.html.


Lane, JP, & Stone, VI (2015). Comparing Three Knowledge Communication Strategies - Diffusion, Dissemination & Translation. In: AAATE 2015 Conference Proceedings: Assistive Technology: Building Bridges, Amsterdam, NL: IOS Press; 217: 92-97. Accessed on May 9, 2016 at: http://ebooks.


Stone, VI, , Lane, JP, et al. (2015). Effectively communicating knowledge to AT stakeholders: Three randomized controlled case studies. Assistive Technology Outcomes & Benefits, Winter, 2016, 98-173. Accessed on May 9, 2016 at: https://www.