Affiliations: Graduate School of Science & Engineering, Saga University, Honjo-machi 1, Saga 840-8502, Japan | Faculty of Science & Engineering, Saga University, Honjo-machi 1, Saga 840-8502, Japan | Industrial and Technological Center of Saga, Yaemizo, Saga City 849-0932, Japan
Abstract: This paper refer to the effect of compressive mean stress, work-hardening, microstructure improvement and compressive residual stress generated by roller-working on fatigue properties of austenitic stainless steel. Pulsating fatigue tests have been performed on the specimens with and without surface deformation. The results showed that high compressive mean stress specimens have higher fatigue strength than that of low compressive mean stress ones. Surface replica observation results show that compressive mean stress is responsible for delaying of fatigue crack initiation and preventing fatigue crack propagation. In case of 1 mm rolled specimen, after roller-working the fatigue limit of the specimen increases by 196%. Work-hardening, residual stress and microstructure improvement are the most responsible for the fatigue strength improvement of rolled specimens. Compressive residual stress induced by roller-working has the same effect of compressive mean stress on improving fatigue limit as proved under the modified Goodman diagram. Under the fatigue limit diagram, it could be seen that the effect of work-hardening on fatigue limit improvement of 1 mm rolled specimen is remarkably higher than that of compressive residual stress one.