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The 2010 round of population and housing censuses (2005-2014)1

Abstract

In most countries, a population and housing census is the principal source of data on the number, distribution and characteristics of a population. They further provide information on the underlying phenomena of social and economic characteristics of the population within a country and may represent the primary data source for identifying certain social, demographic and economic exclusions and constraints for small geographical areas or sub-populations. Ideally every ten years, countries conduct a population and housing census - a complex exercise for every nation, that may require taking decisions on enumeration methods, emerging information technology, publicity, privacy and confidentiality, quality control, data collection, processing, analysis, imputation, data dissemination, archiving, evaluations of coverage and quality, etc. This article identifies the main characteristics of censuses and the challenges and successes faced by the countries under the 2010 World Program of Population and Housing Censuses of the United Nations (spanning the years 2005 to 2014) and highlights trends and considerations as planning has started for the 2020 World Program on Population and Housing Censuses; covering the years 2015 to 2024.

References

[1] 

United Nations Population Fund. (2012). Video Documentary: Counting the World. Available from: http://unfpa.org/public/home/datafordevelopment/census

[2] 

United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs. Statistics Division. (2008). Principles and Recommendations for Population and Housing Censuses (ST/ESA/STAT/SER. M/67/Rev.3). New York.

[3] 

United Nations. (2012). Report of the United States of America on the 2010 World Program on Population and Housing Censuses. E/CN.3/2012/2. Available from: http://unstats.un. org/unsd/statcom/sc2012.htm.

[4] 

Membership in the Organization, in accordance with the Charter of the United Nations, ``is open to all peace-loving States that accept the obligations contained in the United Nations Charter and, in the judgment of the Organization, are able to carry out these obligations''. At the time of the data collection there were 192 United Nations Member States. As of 1 April 2013, there are 193 Member States to the United Nations. The questionnaire was sent out before South Sudan became the 193rd Member State, thus 192 countries only received it.

[5] 

United Nations Population Fund. (2012). Report of the Needs Assessment Conference for Census Analysis. Available from: http://www.unfpa.org/public/site/global/lang/en/pid/4118.

[6] 

Osaki-Tomita K., (2013). The 2010 Round of Population and Housing Censuses: A Global Review. United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs: Statistics Division.

[7] 

United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs: Statistical Division. Website of the 2010 World Population and Housing Census Program. Available from: http://unstats.un.org/unsd/demographic/sources/census/2010_PHC/default.htm.

[8] 

United Nations. (2005). Economic and Social Council Resolution 2005/13. 2010 World Population and Housing Census Program. Available from: http://www.un.org/en/ecosoc/docs/res2005.asp.

[9] 

United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs. Statistics Division. (2012). Website of the 2010 World Population and Housing Census Program. Available from: http://unstats.un.org/unsd/demographic/sources/census/censusdates.htm.

[10] 

Pistiner A.L., (2013). Mid-Decade Assessment of the United Nations 2010 World Population and Housing Census Program. US Census Bureau.

[11] 

United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs. Statistics Division. (2010). Recommended Core Topics (``Principles and Recommendations for Population and Housing Censuses") and their Implementation in the 2010 Census Round. Available from: http://unstats.un.org/unsd/demographic/sources/census/2010_PHC/Census_Clock/CountriesPer Topic.pdf.

[12] 

United Nations Population Fund. (2012). Report of the Needs Assessment Conference for Census Analysis. Available from: http://www.unfpa.org/public/site/global/lang/en/pid/4118.

[13] 

United Nations Population Fund and United Nations Statistics Division. (2005). Advocacy and Resource Mobilization for the 2010 Round of Censuses.