Affiliations: CAA Institute of Satellite Navigation, University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT, UK Tel.: +44 113 233 2090 E‐mail: email@example.com | Racal Survey Limited, South Denes, Great Yarmouth, Norfolk NR30 3NU, UK Tel.: +44 1493 857011 E‐mail: shardlowp@racal‐survey.co.uk
Note:  Corresponding author.
Abstract: This paper describes a research programme carried out by the Institute of Satellite Navigation (ISN) and Racal Survey Ltd. to examine the performance of differential positioning using both the GPS and GLONASS satellite systems for vehicle positioning. The work involved developing a differential GNSS positioning system for a vehicle using GNSS receivers developed by the ISN and Ashtech and using Racal’s LandStar regional differential system. The programme has involved extensive real time vehicle positioning trials in urban areas. Two aspects of vehicle positioning performance have been concentrated on, (i) fix density, and (ii) positioning accuracy. The results show that combining GPS and GLONASS significantly improves both stand alone and differential positioning accuracy compared to using just GPS alone. The results also show that combined GNSS supports a greater differential correction age without the same accuracy degradation that GPS exhibits. This, in turn, increases the GNSS fix density. Even with the same correction age, GNSS has a better fix density by about 10%. This increase in fix density will allow improved vehicle positioning in an in‐car navigation system with a lower level of augmentation. In summary, these results have shown that GNSS has significant advantages over GPS as the satellite positioning component of a vehicle positioning system.