Affiliations: ONERA, The French Aerospace Lab, Toulouse, France | CNES Toulouse, Toulouse, France | Thales Alenia Space, Toulouse, France | ISAE Campus Supaéro, Toulouse, France
Note:  Corresponding author: M. Ait-Ighil. E-mails: firstname.lastname@example.org (M. Ait-Ighil); email@example.com (S. Rougerie); firstname.lastname@example.org (J. Lemorton); email@example.com (G. Carrie); firstname.lastname@example.org (G. Artaud); email@example.com (C. Bourga); firstname.lastname@example.org (M. Bousquet).
Abstract: Multipaths are one of the major sources of errors for satellite navigation systems. The goal of this article is to present some advances on propagation channel modelling for GNSS mobile users and to show how GNSS receiving algorithms are sensitive to the modelling of the channel. Two channel characteristics are analysed in the paper: the resolution of the environment (level of detail), and the resolution of the channel, meaning the number of significant echoes in the tapped-delay line. Particular focus is made on mitigation techniques using antenna arrays to reject multipath. The influence of the channel model will be then interpreted considering three different types of GNSS receiver algorithms, namely conventional DLL/PLL, beam forming and SAGE/STAP algorithm.
Keywords: Land mobile satellite, satellite navigation, multipath, SAGE