Affiliations: [a] ITU Informatics Institute, Istanbul Technical University, Istanbul, 34469, Turkey. E-mail: [email protected] | [b] Department of Computer Engineering, Istanbul Technical University Istanbul, 34469, Turkey. E-mail: [email protected]
Note:  This article is a revised and extended version of a paper that was presented at COLING-2012 . This research is supported in part by a TUBITAK 1001 grant (no: 112E276) and is part of the ICT COST Action IC1207.
Abstract: Named entity recognition (NER), which provides useful information for many high level NLP applications and semantic web technologies, is a well-studied topic for most of the languages and especially for English. However, the modelling of morphologically rich languages (MRLs) for the NER task is still an open research area. The studies for Turkish which is a strong representative of MRLs have fallen behind the well-studied languages for a long while. In recent years, Turkish NER intrigued researchers due to its scarce data resources and the unavailability of high-performing systems. Especially, the need to semantically enrich the textual data coming with user generated content initiated many studies in this field. This article presents a CRF-based NER system which successfully models the morphologically very rich nature of this language, its extensions to expand the covered named entity types, and also to process extra challenging user generated content coming with Web 2.0. The article introduces the re-annotation of the available datasets and a brand new dataset from Web 2.0. The introduced approach reveals an exact match F1 score of 92% on a dataset collected from Turkish news articles and ∼65% on different datasets collected from Web 2.0. The proposed model is believed to be easily applied to similar MRLs with relevant resources.
Keywords: Named entity recognition, Turkish, user generated content, CRF, web data