Affiliations: [a] Engineering Tributi S.p.A., Via Giovanni Battista Trener 8, 38121, Trento, Italy | [b] ISTC-CNR Laboratory for Applied Ontology, Via alla Cascata 56/C, Povo, 38123, Trento, Italy. E-mail: [email protected] | [c] Knowledge Media Institute, The Open University, Walton Hall, Milton Keynes, MK7 6AA, United Kingdom. E-mails: [email protected], [email protected]
Abstract: This paper describes the construction of the LOTED2 ontology for the representation of European public procurement notices. LOTED2 follows initiatives around the creation of linked data-compliant representations of information regarding tender notices in Europe, but focusing on placing such representations within their legal context. It is therefore considered a legal ontology, as it supports the identification of legal concepts and more generally, legal reasoning. Unlike many other legal ontologies however, LOTED2 is designed to support the creation of Semantic Web applications. The methodology applied for building LOTED2 therefore seeks to find a compromise between the accurate representation of legal concepts and the usability of the ontology as a knowledge model for Semantic Web applications, while creating connections to other relevant ontologies in the domain.
Keywords: Legal ontologies, European public procurements, Linked Open Data, Open Government Data, tenders