Abstract: Contemporary evidence shows the Single leg squat has evolved into a functional test and is now being used clinically by some practitioners. This review describes the evolution of the Single leg squat test and its role within the examination of musculoskeletal function. It examines the evidence relating clinical assessment using the Single leg squat test to the mechanics of walking and discusses the possible outcomes of the Single leg squat test and its interpretation. Papers were obtained through a search of electronic databases cinahl, medline, science direct, sport discus and ovid from inception, with various combinations of the terms “Single leg”, “Squat,” “Dip,” “Pelvis”, “Stability” and “Test.” An additional manual search was made of relevant bibliographies without limitation for year of publication.
Keywords: Single leg squat test, clinical test, gait