Affiliations: [a] Department of Physical Rehabilitation, Khortytsia National Academy, Ukraine
| [b] Department of Theory of Sport and Physical Culture, Lviv State University of Physical Culture, Ukraine
| [c] Department of Physical Rehabilitation, National Pedagogical Dragomanov University, Ukraine
Corresponding author: Tetiana Odynets, PhD, Assistant Professor, Department of Physical Rehabilitation,
Khortytsia National Academy, 69017, Naukove Mistechko Str., 59, Zaporozhzhye, Ukraine. Tel.: +380 667023449; Fax:
+380 061 286 53 04; E-mail: [email protected].
Abstract: PURPOSE:This study aimed to investigate the effects on the pulmonary function in women with post-mastectomy syndrome during different 48-week individualised physical rehabilitation programs. METHODS:The participants of this study were 115 breast cancer patients with late symptoms of post-mastectomy syndrome who completed intervention and 50 healthy women (control group). Women had undergone surgical treatment and adjuvant radiation therapy for breast cancer. Women with post-mastectomy syndrome were enrolled for the first individualised program (first main group, MG1, n = 45), for the second individualised program (second main group, MG2, n = 40) and for the third individualised program (third main group, MG3, n = 30). The first program included aqua aerobics (aqua jogging, aqua building, aqua stretching), conditional swimming, and recreational aerobics; the second program included conditional swimming and Pilates exercises; the third program included yoga-based exercises and stretching. RESULTS:It was found that most of the spirometry parameters steadily improved in all groups during a 48-week individualised physical rehabilitation programs. After that period of training the individualised program for women of the first main group came to have an advantageous effect on all the indicators of respiratory function (p < 0.05– p < 0.001) as compared with the healthy women, except for the expiratory reserve volume, and maximal voluntary ventilation, which were not statistically significant. CONCLUSIONS:Our findings showed that individualized physical rehabilitation programs had a positive effect on pulmonary function in women with post-mastectomy of all groups.
Keywords: Pulmonary function, rehabilitation, breast cancer, mastectomy