Affiliations: Faculty of Industrial Engineering, José A.
Echeverría Polytechnic Institute, Havana, Cuba
Note:  Corresponding author: Yordán Rodríguez, Faculty of
Industrial Engineering, José A. Echeverría Polytechnic Institute,
Calle 114, no. 11901 e/ Ciclo Vía y Rotonda, CUJAE, Marianao, Havana
19390, Cuba. E-mail: [email protected]
Abstract: BACKGROUND: The number of work-related musculoskeletal disorders
(WMSDs) has been increasing in industrially developing countries. Fortunately,
it is possible to prevent these injuries through ergonomic assessment and job
redesign. OBJECTIVE: This paper presents a practical tool for non-experts in
assessing exposure to risk factors for WMSDs. METHODS: Evaluación del Riesgo Idividual (Individual Risk
Assessment) (ERIN) is based on available ergonomic tools, epidemiological
evidence and the joint International Ergonomics Association-World Health
Organization project for developing WMSD risk management in developing
countries. RESULTS: ERIN focuses primarily on physical workplace factors but
also includes the workers' assessment. A scoring system has been proposed to
indicate the level of intervention required to reduce the risk of injury.
Preliminary tests show that ERIN is easy and quick to use, but further work is
needed to establish its reliability and validity. A worksheet has also been
designed for increasing the usability of the tool. CONCLUSIONS: The use of ERIN can contribute to the prevention of
WMSDs in Cuba and other developing countries.