Affiliations: Department of Industrial and Organisational
Psychology, University of Kassel, Kassel, Germany
Note:  Address for correspondence: Julia Weichel, Department of
Industrial and Organisational Psychology, University of Kassel,
Heinrich-Plett-Str. 40, D-34109 Kassel, Germany. E-mail:
Abstract: The demographic change in Western societies leads to an increasing
number of older employees in organizations. Furthermore, the percentage of
employees with physical impairments increases with rising age. Job rotation is
one intervention that aims at preventing unbalanced workload and increasing
variation. However, systematic studies focusing on the effects of job rotation
and on systematic job rotation schemes in practise are rare. The presented
study analyzes job rotation in the automotive industry and its relationships to
subjective and objective data with regard to an aging workforce and impaired
employees. Our analysis showed that older and impaired employees rotated less.
Employees who rotated between higher ranges of workstations assessed their job
performance and health higher than employees with a smaller rotation-range.
More job rotation was also correlated to less absenteeism. Additionally,
impaired employees had lower performance and health scores, and higher
absenteeism than employees without impairments. Practical implications and
limitations of the study are discussed.
Keywords: Job rotation, older employees, impairments, automotive industry