Abstract: The paper considers a new perspective in research, analysing,
selection, training, and designing which ergonomics is facing at present in
relation to attentional processes. It is related to a spectacular progress in
latest neuroscience research concerning the attention neural networks. New
non-invasive techniques of attention neuronal networks examination in
ergonomics offers unprecedented opportunities for the human error analysis.
This paper posits that assuming neuroergonomic perspective in research and
designing leads to a new quality in mentioned area. Knowledge concerning neural
structures and neural mechanisms responsible for attention processes, pointed
out several dimensions related to attention networks which have to be taken
into account in case of analysing of human error at work. The paper deals with
these problems in relations to orienting and executive attention networks.