Affiliations: Center for Industrial Ergonomics, Lutz Hall, Room 445
University of Louisville, Louisville, KY 40292, USA | Institute of Management, Jagiellonian University, ul.
Slawkowska 32, 31-014 Krakow, Poland
Abstract: A systematic review of the published literature was carried out in
order to identify the most important risk factors for musculoskeletal disorders
(MSD) in the nursing profession. A standardized checklist was used in order to
assess the methodological quality of the publications selected for the review.
Specific criteria were established to assess the strength and consistence of
evidence for potential risk factors for MSD. The results support a notion of
the importance of physical work-related factors for the development of
musculoskeletal problems in nursing. Lifting in awkward and forward-bent
postures were especially high-risk tasks that resulted in variety of reported
musculoskeletal problems. This review also revealed that psychosocial factors,
especially work organization issues and "social relations at work" were
strongly related to the musculoskeletal outcomes in the studied population.
Such risk factors as psychological job demands and job control were also
associated with musculoskeletal problems; however, the evidence concerning
these factors were weak and inconsistent. Further research is needed to
establish the moderating and combined effects of different risk factors for
musculoskeletal disorders in the nursing profession.
Keywords: nursing, musculoskeletal disorders, prevention, ergonomics, literature review