Affiliations: [a] Computer Science, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, USA | [b] Computer Science, Trinity University, San Antonio, TX, USA | [c] Information Systems, Singapore Management University, Singapore
Corresponding author: Eric Shieh, Computer Science, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, USA. E-mail:email@example.com
Abstract: Multi-agent teamwork and defender-attacker security games are two areas that are currently receiving significant attention within multi-agent systems research. Unfortunately, despite the need for effective teamwork among multiple defenders, little has been done to harness the teamwork research in security games. The problem that this paper seeks to solve is the coordination of decentralized defender agents in the presence of uncertainty while securing targets against an observing adversary. To address this problem, we offer the following novel contributions in this paper: (i) New model of security games with defender teams that coordinate under uncertainty; (ii) New algorithm based on column generation that utilizes Decentralized Markov Decision Processes (Dec-MDPs) to generate defender strategies that incorporate uncertainty; (iii) New techniques to handle global events (when one or more agents may leave the system) during defender execution; (iv) Heuristics that help scale up in the number of targets and agents to handle real-world scenarios; (v) Exploration of the robustness of randomized pure strategies. The paper opens the door to a potentially new area combining computational game theory and multi-agent teamwork.
Keywords: Game theory, Dec-MDP, security, stackelberg games, security games