Affiliations: [a] Training and Research Unit on Nutrition and Food Sciences, Laboratory of Biotechnology, Biochemistry and Nutrition, Faculty of Sciences, Chouaib Doukkali University, 24000 El Jadida, Morocco. e-mail: [email protected]; [email protected]
| [b] Faculté de Médecine, INSERM, UMR476, Nutriments Lipidiques et Prévention des Maladies Métaboliques, INRA 1260, Univ Aix-Marseille 1 & 2, IPHM-IFR 125, Marseille 13385, France
Abstract: The aim of this study is to examine the associated risk factors of hypertension and the relationship between blood pressure and obesity determined by different anthropometric measurements in a population of urban adult women of Morocco. The study was conducted in an agricultural community, El Jadida province of Morocco. Body weight, height, waist (WC) and hip circumferences, blood pressure, fasting capillary blood glucose, triglycerides and cholesterol were measured in a sample of 213 women volunteers (18–55 years old). Body mass index (BMI), and waist/hip ratio (WHR) were determined. High blood pressure was detected in 35.8% of women. All hypertensive women were at high risk of hyperglycemia (22.4% were hyperglycemic, among which 17.6% were diabetic), hypertriglyceridemia (10.7%), hypercholesterolemia (14.5%) and metabolic syndrome (18.4%). Only 6.6% of the women practice physical activity and 23.6% had no education level. Bivariate correlation showed a positive association between age and obesity. In the same way blood pressure was also positively associated with obesity, age, WC, WHR, fasting plasma glucose and triacylglycerols. The results show a high prevalence of obesity associated with increased prevalence of hypertension (HT). The study data reinforce the need to increase detection and treatment of hypertension and to approach patients' global risk profiles. It is also suggested that the simultaneous interpretation of anthropometric measurements could be used as screening tool for the identification of HT.
Keywords: High blood pressure, Metabolic disorder, Obesity, Moroccan women