Affiliations: [a] Department of Biological Chemistry, Medical Chemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Catania, Viale A. Doria, 6, 95125 Catania, Italy. e-mail: [email protected]
Abstract: New roles have been discovered for the adipose mass/tissue of obese subjects linked to the production of different cytokines, leptin and oxidative stress, all together playing a crucial role in developing obesity, insulin resistance, metabolic syndrome, and the pathogenesis of various diseases. Inflammatory status and plasma oxidative stress have been reported as also characterizing a new metabolic condition known as normal-weight obese (NWO) syndrome observed in women with normal index but fat mass (FM) >30%. The aim of the present study was to investigate in NWO women, compared with preobese-obese (OB) and control normal weight (NW) subjects, the occurrence of DNA damage, particularly oxidative DNA damage, by using different Comet assay versions. Our goal was to find out some possible new early hallmarks of obesity. We observed above all increase in DNA damage both in OB and NWO women, compared with NW subjects, underlining DNA to be involved in oxidative stress related to metabolic abnormalities occurring in obesity. In addition, the use of either pH >13 versus pH 12.1 alkaline Comet assay versions or pH 12.1 in presence of Fpg enzyme versus pH 12.1 alone, allow us to draw attention to two possible new early differentiated hallmarks: first, alkali labile sites higher in OB compared to NWO; second, 8-oxo-dG level slightly higher in NWO than in OB women. These preliminary results encourage planning broad cohort studies in order to verify and validate these hypothesized predictive/prognostic new hallmarks.
Keywords: DNA damage, Oxidative stress, Normal weight obese syndrome, Comet assay, 8-OhdG