Affiliations: [a] Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Québec (CHUQ), Hôpital Saint-François d'Assise, Quebec, QC G1L 3L5, Canada | [b] Pavillon des Services, Institut des Nutraceutiques et des Aliments Fonctionnels (INAF), Université Laval, 2440, Boulevard Hochelaga, Quebec, QC G1V 0A6, Canada. e-mail: [email protected]
| [c] Centre de Recherche du Centre Hospitalier de l'Université Laval (CRCHUL), Quebec, QC G1V 4G2, Canada
Abstract: The objective of the study is to evaluate the effects of pulse consumption in women presenting at least two primary components of the metabolic syndrome (MS). One hundred and thirty-four women were randomly assigned to consume for a 16-week period either 750 ml of pulses weekly or control meals without pulses. Main outcomes measure were primary and secondary components of the MS and body fatness. A significant increase in dietary fibers and a significant decrease in dietary cholesterol were observed in the pulse group. For all components of the MS and body fatness, no significant differences were observed between the group consuming pulses or in the control group; however, plasma fibrinogen concentration decreased significantly only in the pulse group. In conclusion, a nutritional intervention providing 750 ml of pulses weekly had no effect on primary and secondary components of the MS and on body fatness.
Keywords: Nutritional intervention, Pulses, Women, Metabolic syndrome, Body fatness