Affiliations: [a] Public Health Nutrition Programme, Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Indonesia, Depok, Indonesia
| [b] Planet Indonesia Foundation, Pontianak, Indonesia
Department of Public Health Nutrition, Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Indonesia, Depok, Indonesia
Corresponding author: Ida Ayu Devi Qirani, Public Health Nutrition Programme, Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Indonesia, Depok, Indonesia, Tel.: +62 081236317651; E-mail: [email protected]. and Ratu Ayu Dewi Sartika, Department of Public Health Nutrition, Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Indonesia, Depok, Indonesia, Tel: +62 7863501; Fax: +62 7863501; E-mail: [email protected].
Abstract: INTRODUCTION:Underweight is one of the most common forms of undernutrition suffered by children and has implications for both short and long term health problems. Characteristics of children, parents, and environment are factors affecting underweight in children, especially aged 24–59 months. OBJECTIVES:This study aimed to find out the dominant factors affecting underweight in children aged 24–59 months in Java Island. METHODS:This cross-sectional study used secondary data from Indonesia Family Life Survey (IFLS) 2014. There were 1,270 children aged 24–59 months who were involved in this study. We conducted univariate analysis, bivariate analysis using chi-square, and multivariate analysis using binary logistic regression. RESULTS:This study found that 20.2% of children in Java were underweight. Based on bivariate analysis, variables that significantly associated (p < 0.05) with underweight were low birth weight (LBW), acute respiratory infection (ARI), diarrhoea, frequency of eating milk and dairy products, parental education level, and underweight father. Furthermore, based on multivariate analysis, low consumption of milk and dairy products was the dominant factor in this study (OR = 1.80). CONCLUSION:Factors related to underweight can be used to determine appropriate prevention and treatment in community levels, such as by promoting a balanced nutrition program and healthy behaviour.
Keywords: Underweight, children under five, Indonesia, IFLS 2014