Affiliations: [a] Department of Periodontology, Dental School, University of Sevilla, c/ Avicena s/n, 41009 Seville, Spain. e-mail: [email protected]
| [b] Institute of Nutrition and Food Technology, University of Granada, Granada, Spain | [c] University College London, London, UK | [d] Department of Biochemistry, Biology and Genetics, Faculty of Medicine, Università Politecnica delle Marche, Ancona, Italy
Abstract: There is increasing evidence of a relationship between periodontitis and several nutrition-linked chronic conditions, such as obesity, dyslipidaemia and metabolic syndrome, with a putative bidirectional influence between periodontal disease and each condition. An association between several dietary factors and the progression of periodontitis is relevant to this relationship. Thus, omega-3 fatty acids, vitamin C, lactic acid foods, soy products and a diet rich in vegetables and fresh food appear to be favourable for better periodontal health, whereas a lipid-rich diet may be detrimental to periodontal tissues.