Affiliations: [a] Ankara Yıldırım Beyazıt University, Ankara, Turkey
| [b] Dörtyol İlçe Sağlık Müdürlüğü, Hatay, Turkey
| [c] Harran University Vocational Health High School, Şanlıurfa, Turkey
Corresponding author: Hasan Durmuş, Dörtyol İlçe Sağlık Müdürlüğü, Dörtyol/Hatay. Tel.: +90 544 370 69 17; E-mail: [email protected].
Abstract: BACKGROUND:Preventing obesity and non-communicable disease is possible by making the right eating habits from early ages, therefore increasing food literacy level might be enforced in the preventive programs. OBJECTIVE:The objective of this study is to measure university students’ food literacy level using “A short food literacy questionnaire (SFLQ) for adults” and determining cut-off point compared with health literacy. METHODS:Questionnaire was about Newest Vital Sign (NVS) test, Turkey Health Literacy SCALE-32 (TSOY-32) and Short Food Literacy Questionnaire (SFLQ). A receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was constructed by calculating the specificity and sensitivity of the scale cut-off values, and the area under the curve (AUC) was computed. RESULTS:The score from SLFQ increased with the improvement of general health perception and having food label reading habit (respectively; p = 0.003; p < 0.001). The mean SFLQ score increases with the increased level of TSOY-32 health literacy (P < 0.001). Finally, according to the results, classification of individuals with SFLQ is≥31 points as Adequate-Excellent food literacy and < 31 points as Inadequate-Limited food literacy. CONCLUSION:Describing food literacy in two categories will be easy to demonstrate the connection between food literacy and healthy food consumption behaviors.
Keywords: Food literacy, Nutrition habits, Health literacy