Chemistry of Natural Compounds Department, National Research Center, Dokki, Cairo, Egypt
| [b] Faculty of Science, Zagazig University, Zagazig governorate, Egypt
Molecular Genetics and Enzymology Department, National Research Center, Dokki, Cairo, Egypt
Department of Cytogenetics, National Research Center, Dokki, Cairo, Egypt
Corresponding author: Hanaa Mahrous Rady, Chemistry of Natural Compounds Department, National Research Center, Dokki, Cairo, Egypt. E-mail: [email protected].
Abstract: Positive evidence for anticancer activities of honey is growing and the mechanism on how honey has anticancer characteristics is an area of great interest. Honey has been studied in various cancer cell lines for its ability to induce apoptosis, with several mechanisms of action being suggested. This study aims to evaluate the apoptotic activity of the non cytotoxic Sidr Kashmiry honey and its residue of successive fractionation as well as the cytotoxic chloroform-methanol and ethyl acetate fractions against hepatocellular carcinoma cells in vitro. Apoptosis was assessed by DNA fragmentation, diphenyl amine assay, and ultrastructure investigation. Micronuclei test was carried out to assess genotoxicity. Crude honey, residue, ethyl acetate and chloroform-methanol induced apoptosis, however, the residue and ethyl acetate caused high genotoxicity. Non cytotoxic Sidr Kashmiry honey and its cytotoxic chloroform-methanol fraction could be a powerful pro-apoptotic and non-genotoxic anticancer agent.