Affiliations: [a] Department of Haematology and Serology, Babcock University, Ilisan-Remo, Ogun-State, Nigeria | [b] Department of Community Medicine and Primary Care, Olabisi Onabanjo University, Sagamu, Ogun-State, Nigeria | [c] Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Babcock University, Ilisan-Remo, Ogun-State, Nigeria | [d] Department of Obstetric and Gynaecology, Babcock University Teaching Hospital, Ilishan-Remo, Ogun-State, Nigeria
Corresponding author: A.A. Adeyemi, Department of Haematology and Serology, Babcock University, Ilisan-Remo, Ogun-State, Nigeria. Tel.: +234 8065251812; E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org.
Abstract: BACKGROUND:Cardiovascular diseases are leading cause of death worldwide. It affects both genders, but premenopausal females are said to be better protected against this disease than males. There are few information on gender susceptibility to cardiovascular diseases in some parts of the world none is available for young, native African, semi-vegetarians. OBJECTIVES:The intent of this study is to report gender susceptibility to cardiovascular diseases in young semi-vegetarians living in Africa. DESIGN:Anthropometric, Hematological and Hemostatic indexes known to be related to cardiovascular disease risk factors were studied in 108 semi-vegetarians (55 males and 53 females). RESULT:Height, weight, and systolic blood pressure are significantly raised in males than females (P < 0.05) while BMI, waist circumference, hip circumference, waist to hip ratio, and diastolic blood pressure show no significant difference in both genders (P > 0.05). Hematocrit, hemoglobin concentration and platelet count are significantly higher in males than females, erythrocyte sedimentation rate is significantly lower in male, total white cell count, prothrombin time, activated partial thromboplastin time and plasma fibrinogen concentration show no significant difference in both genders (P > 0.05). CONCLUSION:We concluded that male semi vegetarians are more susceptible to cardiovascular diseases than females.