Affiliations: Health Food Innovation Management, Maastricht University, The Netherlands
Corresponding author: Fendy Susanto, Health Food Innovation Management, Maastricht University, The Netherlands.
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Abstract: BACKGROUND:It has been an important issue to assess energy and nutrient intakes of children within the population to observe their nutrient consumption whether it is excessive or inadequate, by comparing to reference values in the applicable Dietary Reference Intakes (DRIs), specifically among Jakarta population as a capital city of Indonesia. OBJECTIVE:The aim of this study is to further perform an in-depth exploration of nutrient intake assessment in this population, particularly among 6- to 12-year-old (school age) children group in Jakarta. METHODS:Data obtained from 2nd Indonesian National Basic Health Research Survey (RISKESDAS) in a cross-sectional setting were analyzed. The main sample consisted of children age 6- to 12-year old randomly selected in Jakarta area (n = 945). A 24-hr dietary recall was used for assessing the nutrient intake. RESULTS:Energy intake for the total population was about 79.3% from the Indonesian Dietary Reference Intake (DRI) with adequate intake of protein (112.4% ). There was an excessive intake of fat approximately about 193.4% and carbohydrate for about 150.5% , respectively. Fiber consumption was very low (18.3% ). Children in Jakarta also consumed diets that provide marginal amount of key micronutrients mainly for thiamin (vitamin B1), vitamin C, and zinc (less than 60% Indonesian DRI). CONCLUSIONS:Children from lower SES, girls, and the older age groups need to be given additional attention, since their daily nutrient intake were less than the counterparts. This study also suggested that the first improvement strategies are to provide diets with less fat, lower glycemic index foods, as well as higher intake of thiamin, vitamin C, and zinc.
Keywords: Nutrient intake, DRIs, school age, children, Jakarta, Indonesia