Affiliations: [a] Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Jodhpur, Rajasthan, India | [b] Department of Orthopaedics, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Jodhpur, Rajasthan, India | [c] Department of Paediatrics, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Jodhpur, Rajasthan, India
Abstract: PURPOSE: To evaluate effectiveness of individualized, goal directed rehabilitation protocol in improving functional outcomes in children with developmental delay disorders in a region with limited rehabilitation accessibility and to explore if goal setting influences changes observed in functional levels. METHODS: Children (6 months to 17 years) with developmental delay, who visited as out-patients to the Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation and whose care givers were willing to participate in the study, were enrolled for a period of one year. Individualized rehabilitation protocol targeting the child’s specific problems with a simultaneous home programme was performed. A single group pre-post study design was used to assess the protocol’s effectiveness. OUTCOME MEASURES: Goal attainment scale (GAS), Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS) Level, Gross Motor Functional Measure (GMFM) and Manual Ability Classification System (MACS) were administered pre and post-intervention monthly for 3 months. Statistical analysis was done using SPSS statistics version-22. RESULTS: Total of 32 children participated in the study. Significant differences between pre and post scores of GAS score (Wilcoxon’s signed rank test [W value] = 4.937, p-value < 0.005), GMFCS (W value: -3.435, p-value < 0.005), GMFM (W value: 4.937, p-value < 0.005) and MAC score (W value: -4.714, p-value < 0.005) were noted at 3 months. No correlation was observed between the GAS pre-post score and GMFM, GMFCS and MAC pre-post scores. CONCLUSION: An effective rehabilitation programme in children with developmental delay should be individualized and should be goal directed to achieve maximum functional improvement. Improvement in the goals set were independent of the improvement in functional outcome levels. Care-givers play a pivotal role in both individualization and goal setting for rehabilitation, especially in a region with limited rehabilitation accessibility.