Affiliations: Department of Cardiology, Cardiac Intensive Care
Unit, Children's Hospital Boston, Boston, MA, USA | Department of Nursing, Cardiac Intensive Care
Unit, Children's Hospital Boston, Boston, MA, USA
Note:  Corresponding author: Ravi Thiagarajan MBBS, MPH, Cardiac
Intensive Care Unit, Children's Hospital Boston, 300, Longwood Avenue, Boston,
MA 02115, USA. Tel.: +1 617 355 7866; Fax: +1 617 713 3808, E-mail:
Abstract: Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation (ECMO) is widely used to support
patients who have failed conventional therapies for cardio-respiratory failure.
Patient immobility during management of critical illness and ECMO support can
result in physical impairment that can lead to prolonged hospitalization and
poor functional outcomes for ECMO survivors. Although little information
regarding the role of physical therapy in improving functional outcomes for
ECMO patients is available, early intervention with physical therapy may
decrease duration of hospitalization and improve functional outcomes for
patients supported with ECMO.