Abstract: Enuresis is a common problem affecting a large child population.
Though not psychogenic in nature, it is often associated with psychosocial
problems. Structural abnormalities as a cause are rare. Common causative
factors include developmental delay, genetic factors, abnormalities of
sleep-wake cycle and of anti-diuretic hormone secretion. Detailed history,
physical examination and simple routine tests are usually sufficient to reach
the diagnosis. Both pharmacological as well as non-pharmacological treatments
alone or in combination have been used with varying success rates.