Affiliations: Department of Pediatrics, Division of Infectious Diseases, University of California San Diego, San Diego, CA, USA | Quest Diagnostics, San Juan Capistrano, CA, USA
Note:  Corresponding author: Juan D. Chaparro, MD, Department of Pediatrics, Division of Infectious Diseases, University of California San Diego, San Diego, CA, USA. Tel.: +1 858 822 6571; E-mail: [email protected]
Abstract: Parasitic diseases, previously thought to be the domain of developing nations only, are being increasingly recognized as a significant source of morbidity/mortality in developed and developing nations alike. While many parasites cause long-term low-level disease, some parasitic diseases can have severe manifestations necessitating intensive care unit admission. In this review, we focus on severe malaria (including cerebral malaria), neurocysticercosis, Strongyloides hyperinfection syndrome, American trypanosomiasis (Chagas disease), baylisascariasis and amoebic meningoencephalitis.
Keywords: American trypanosomiasis, amoebic meningoencephalitis, baylisascariasis, Chagas disease, hyperinfection syndrome, neurocysticercosis, pediatric parasitic disease, parasitic disease, severe malaria, strongyloidiasis